Special education schools and programs can be a great way to attend the different needs of kids with certain conditions because they can offer tailored instruction, specialized support, and crucial resources and services for them. However, as first-time parents of a child with autism, there can be some doubts about these places.
There are different programs and types, all of them with their pros and cons. Choosing one will depend on the attention and support needed every day and how well he or she can integrate to the environment and people there.
Programs and types of special education
A little guide to explain what are the distinctions among them
- Dedicated schools: these are completely dedicated to children with one or more special conditions. every activity and class is totally focused on helping them to improve their abilities and education.
- Dedicated classes: regular schools offer special courses to improve and help kids with special conditions; however, they don’t have the more extreme condition, so here teachers fulfill or work with the difficulties that they can present.
- Integrated classes: some academies can offer integrated classes with neurotypical and special boys or girls interacting at the same time.
- Withdrawal classes: other schools have the withdrawal or pull out courses, where students can have a regular education but are absent for some period to receive treatment or support.
- Regular class with resource support: children can have breaks for support, alone or in groups, with staff with expertise in the area.
- Regular class with indirect support: here regular teachers adapt their classes and lessons to engage kids with special needs, not just with the knowledge but also with the rest of the students.
Pros and cons of the special education
The benefits of the programs, classes and schools for kids with special needs can be many. Of course, it will depend of the parents’ final decision.
- Support: boys and girls can receive all the help and attention that they will need according to their conditions. This can include the areas accommodations, playgrounds, and even the food.
- Qualified teachers: they have the best certification and experience treating children with different conditions.
- Instructions: every lesson is made under the final goal to meet the special learning needs of every student.
- Special resources and services: many of these offer services like speech-language therapy, academic and psychological counseling, physical and occupational therapy, tutoring programs, and a few more.
- Inclusion: within these schools, students can find friends and peers that are dealing and battle every day with the same conditions as them, so they can improve the social interaction among them or other abilities that can be very hard to do in regular academies.
Even when we truly recommend special education for your son or daughter, there can be some cons with it. However, they can be overcome because, sometimes, children within the spectrum just need someone that truly understand them.
- Integration: it is good for them, but there won’t be any with neurotypical kids. Thus, different influences can’t be present among them.
- Stigma: special needs term can be connoted as a bad one. They can be victims of bullying. If this is the case, remember to take the right actions against it.
- Academics: sometimes, the education level in these schools can be lower than in regular schools. So if the parents are looking for a higher step in education planning for university, maybe these are not the best choice.
- Transition: if the parents decide to change from a special education school to a regular one, the transition can be hard.
Special education schools are a good way to help kids with different conditions to learn and advance in academics, besides to support them and improve other abilities in different areas. But even with this article, the final decision will be yours as parents because you know what is the best for your kids.
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