Dyspraxia is a psychomotor and neurological disorder that affects the coordination of body movements. People with this disorder are not able to manipulate their body’s voluntary movements in an optimal way. Dyspraxia is also called perceptuo-motor dysfunction, motor learning difficulties, and developmental coordination disorder (DCD).
Someone with dyspraxia has significant problems with movement, being this the most common characteristic, but there are other difficulties that come along with the movement problems, such as coordination issues, slow processing skills, memory issues, and other cognitive skills. This disorder also affects the nervous and immune body system. Motor problems can affect in very different levels to the person who has the condition; it can go from having difficulties to shake hands, to have a hard time while writing.
It’s not unusual for someone with dyspraxia to manifest language problems, but this tends to improve with time (especially if there is therapy been carry out). Also, memory issues can affect differently to every individual, but it usually affects the ability to retain information in the short term. Despite what it can seem superficially, it does not affect the person’s intelligence, nonetheless, it is possible that cause learning problems in kids.
According to experts on the field and different studies, 2% of people have severe dyspraxia, and 10% have some degree of it. Approximately four out of every 5 children with noticeable dyspraxia are boys, meaning that in the affected population a substantial majority are males.
Dyspraxia causes are not known with certainty; however, it is suspected that these are due to alterations in neurological development in brain areas that are directly related to the motor information process. These alterations do not allow the mention of brain areas to develop correctly.
Is important to say that even when dyspraxia is generally due to innate causes, it can also be caused by injuries or different illnesses.
Diagnosis and treatments
Symptoms can vary a lot depending on the individual’s age; this said, if parents suspect their children have some level of it, they should take them to see a doctor. A clinical psychologist, an educational psychologist or a pediatrician are capacitated to carry out a dyspraxia diagnosis. After knowing all the details of the kid’s particular case, the doctor should be able to provide ways to improve the kid’s skills affected by the disorder. The early the diagnosis is made, the better the treatment results will be shown.
This condition does not have a cure; nevertheless, with the right treatment, individuals can improve significantly, so it’s crucial that therapy is taken into account. Depending on the diagnosis, the treatments can be very different, occupational therapy, language therapy, and motor training are the most common, but the treatment should adapt to each specific case.
With the right help, every person with dyspraxia can perfectly live a normal healthy life despite their difficulties, a particular condition should never be an impediment to reach big things; all it takes for people with dyspraxia to feel comfortable on their everyday life is our unconditional support and understanding.
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