5 Benefits of Encouraging Reading in Children with ASD

Readings is usually one of the best ways to learn about anything. It also helps to improve communication at general levels, as well as spelling: two things that we know can be hard to learn for children with autism. This is one of the reasons why encouraging reading in children within the spectrum is nothing but a great idea. Here, we’ve prepared a short list with 5 of the more essential benefits this practice provides.

Benefits of reading

Reading with frequency is a very healthy activity. By doing it, we can learn about a lot of different things, and it can also be fun since it is an entertainment medium. Long story short, it is a beneficial and practical habit, and therefore, a recommended one.

Improves creativity

Creativity is crucial for every child since the development of it makes the child more cunning; plus, it influences them quick thoughts and ideas in a productive way, as well as the resolution of problems at a general level. Readings can not only be very informative, but they also allow the children’s imagination to flow in the right way, contributing significantly to their creativity.

Improves concentration

Reading is an activity that requires a lot of attention, the simple action of reading forces the child to focus on the text; this, of course, to concentrate. This concentration is not only beneficial at the time of reading since it can help the child’s reading speed and understanding of the story, but it can also be useful to the kid in different areas, significantly improving their performance in various activities that require high levels of concentration.

Acquire vocabulary

This is one of the main reasons why encouraging reading in children with ASD is so important; It is no secret that children with ASD tend to have a hard time expressing themselves in a way that others can understand them, reading helps to expand their vocabulary, giving them a more significant number of words to use, and, therefore, more possibilities to express themselves in a better way.

Children with ASD often get frustrated because they feel like they are not able to express their feelings in a way that other people can understand them, as said before, acquiring vocabulary improves the way the child shows themselves, decreasing the frustration they may feel at certain times.

Improves social skills

In the vast majority of books that tell a story, especially the ones that are addressing to kids, we continuously find characters conducting any social activity; from actions as essential as talking or playing to details as small as the gestures of some characters. All of these details are very important since they can help the child to have a better understanding of social relationships, which can facilitate interaction with other people, cooperation that many children with autism usually find difficult.

Improves intelligence

Despite what some people tend to think, being on the autism spectrum does not make you less smart than others, in fact, many people recognized because of their talent, or for their outstanding skills, have shown strong signs of autism, so a person within the autistic spectrum can be brilliant.

Encouraging reading in children with ASD helps them to reason quickly and efficiently, this added to all the previously mentioned aspects, has as a consequence a very remarkable improvement in the intelligence of the child, so encouraging a child with autism to read is highly recommended.

Reading constantly has a large number of benefits; it is a recommended activity for everyone. However, children with autism often hide extraordinary abilities behind their apparent shyness, so encouraging them to read can exploit these hidden skills, showing us amazing results that can potentially be very beneficial for their future.

Children reading

Establish a reading routine at home!

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Experts Recommend High Fiber Diet for People with Autism

People familiarize with ASD know that this disorder has many peculiarities; not all of them are bad, but it is not unusual to see individuals with a particular type of autism have some disadvantages that can complicate in a way or another the normal development of their activities, one of these is constipation. Although it is not one of the main ASD characteristics, it does occur with a certain frequency in some individuals within the spectrum, especially children (although not exclusively). Luckily there is a way to overcome all difficulties that may arise; according to experts, an excellent way to overcome constipation in people with autism is a high-fiber diet.

What is fiber?

Fiber is a unique nutrient that plants have; its main difference with the rest of the nutrients found in different types of food is the way that our body processes it. Unlike other nutrients, our body does not digest fiber, which is essential for the role it fulfills: helping in our digestive system clean up. This is the main reason why people within the autism spectrum who have constipation, can be supported by a high-fiber diet.

That said, it is essential to note that fiber is divided into two types: soluble and insoluble, every food that contains fiber have both types.

High-fiber diet

Although both types of fiber offer essential benefits, to deal with constipation, it is insoluble fiber the one needed the most. You’ll see, it is especially suitable for the digestive system because it helps to produce stool, therefore, helps directly to avoid constipation. This type is found in a higher proportion in the different vegetable wheat products, corn bran, and flax seeds. It is also found in some vegetables as well as in different fruits.

When a person starts a diet high in insoluble fiber, they are also receiving the benefits of soluble fiber, since as mentioned before, all foods containing fiber have both types. Among the benefits of soluble fiber, we have: improvements to the heart and circulatory system positively helps lower cholesterol and influences the blood sugar level control.

Among some of the fruits with higher content are: mangoes, raspberries, strawberries, and dried fruits such as peaches, plums, apricots, figs, raisins, and blueberries. Fruit juices also usually contain fiber in a smaller proportion, so they are also recommended.

As you can see, a high-fiber diet, besides helping to prevent constipation, contains many other benefits, so it is not surprising that experts recommend it. Constipation is a severe problem, even though it may not seem so, so it should never be taken lightly, especially if it is a person with ASD who has the problem.

It is crucial to keep in mind that, although the information offered in this blog may be useful, if you have more serious questions about this type of diet, you should consult a nutritionist, after all, when it comes to the people we love, we want the best for them.

family having lunch

Consult with a nutrition expert!

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How to Face Disruptive Behavior?

We all love children; their innocence is always capable to make us smile, but sometimes there are certain situations that we just do not know how to deal with. These situations usually occur when infants show some peculiar behavior, such as disruptive behavior. It’s important to know that even when this type of behavior can be seen in any child, it is much more common to see it on children with ASD (autism spectrum disorder). The question is: how to deal with this type of behavior?

Tips for dealing with disruptive behavior

We know that as parents with children who have ASD, it is not so easy to identify the right way to act when a child shows disruptive behavior, that is why we have prepared some tips for you.

Control your voice

Many parents raise their voice when addressing to their kids if they are showing behaviors that they consider inappropriate. However, if it is a child with autism, this can be counterproductive, you’ll see, if a child with ASD is showing disruptive behavior, scolding the kid using a challenging tone can cause the kid to end up even more upset than he was before, which would cause the disruptive behavior to be prolonged. What you need to do is to talk softly, when you use a calm tone of voice, the child will not feel challenged, but on the contrary, feels understood.

Be calm, be patient

When children with ASD show disruptive behavior, we must be patient and remain calm. Keep in mind that the situation may get worse if we show severe response; after all, the real enemy is not the child, but the behavior, this is why we should never confront them in an abrupt way; instead, we have to focus in neutralize the negative behavior. When we show ourselves calm and able to listen, they will not have a reason to confront us, that will make him or her more likely to slowly calm down as he talks to us.

Consider visiting a specialist

Having a previous diagnosis makes everything a little easier; that is why visiting a medical specialist is a highly recommended option. Depending on the specific disruptive behavior that the child shows, as well as the characteristics of this, the specialist can suggest different strategies to deal with the negative behavior.

The strategies can be multiple, psychotherapeutic in individual psychology, guidance to parents, occupational therapy, among several other strategies, everything depends on the child behavior; Reality is that there are many ways to deal with disruptive behavior.

Pay attention

Finally, a piece of advice that may be obvious, but is also necessary: pay attention to the kid. When we are adults, our own problems can be quite suffocating, to the point where we do not pay enough attention to our children’s emotional state. The reality is that despite their young age, children can feel sad, upset, frustrated or even depressed, and all these feelings can lead to disruptive behavior. If we pay enough attention to them, it will be easier to identify the reasons why he or she shows certain disruptive behaviors, therefore, it will also become easier to find effective methods to face the problem.

Looking at them smile makes us happy. Let’s take care of our children!

annoying child

It is important to learn how to handle such situations.

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Why Should Your Child Put Aside Video Games to Go Out and Play?

Video games debates are not something that we haven’t seen, but the fact that we keep reading about it proves that it is actually something that is worth paying attention to. When it comes to kids, opinions can variate a lot; nonetheless, is healthy to recognize that everything can be somehow harmful at a certain point. That’s what we’re going to be talking about, should your child put aside video games to go play outside?

Video games

Childhood is a crucial phase. The different experiences a kid has at his short age can determinate who they are going to be in the future; this means we should always pay attention to what they do, as well as making sure they are developing a healthy character.

Last year, the WHO (World Health Organization) officially included the addiction to video games among the most harmful behaviors related to technology. After years of discussion, their opinion is pretty clear now: video games addiction is now considered a mental illness. This makes us see these games from a different perspective. They can be really funny and a great way to have a good time, but when playing them becomes an uncontrollable desire, that’s when it becomes a problem.

Nowadays, video games are everywhere, and children love to play them all the time. This is not a problem itself, at least not a first; kids love to have fun, and they are funny, so it is not hard to figure out why they love them so much. Problems come when a child spends too much time playing them, not because of the content (that’s a whole different topic), but because they may stop playing with other people. But why is this a problem?

Develop social skills is a crucial step in childhood. Interacting with other people as much as possible prepare individuals for their whole life and can make a great difference in their future, especially if they have autism or any condition within ASD (autistic spectrum disorder) since these kids tend to have difficulties when socializing with others. For kids, playing outside instead of staying indoors playing video games, can make a huge variation in their way to perceive the world.

Should you forbid the video games to your kid?

Of course not. As said before, they can be really funny and can influence positively the mood of any kid, and that’s a good thing. Also, they have other benefits such as increasing their reasoning speed, stimulate their concentration, developing their reflexes and mental agility as well as improve their manual coordination. Actually, some games are specially created with educational purposes, which can help a kid in other ways too.

The problems are not the video games itself; the actual problem is the addiction to them or what they can mean in a kid’s life. As long as it doesn’t become an evident problem, your child can perfectly have some hours of playing. Nonetheless, playing outside and interacting with others is even a better option, so we should constantly encourage them to do so. Friendly advice, if your son or daughter plays video games a lot, you can join him or her or bring friends to play along that way he or she will be improving social skills at the same time, not a bad idea at all.

Why playing outside is better than video games

We promise you that your child will love playing outside.

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Inclusion by Conviction and not by Obligation

Children are wonderful. Regardless of their unique personalities, with their antics and innocence, they always find a way to draw a smile in our faces, even in the most complicated days. We love the fact that they can have fun and learn together; after all, inclusion is important, and although some of them may present particular conditions, this doesn’t mean they cannot be included in groups with other kids.

ASD (autism spectrum disorder) is a neurobehavioral condition that can complicate the social interaction with other individuals. However, with the necessary help, this interaction can be as good as any, and that’s exactly what we are going to talk to you about.

How to include children with ASD in groups with other kids

It is normal to think that when a child is in the autism spectrum, he or she won’t be able to get along with others, but that is just half-truth. The kid can present inconveniences when interacting with other people, especially strangers, nonetheless, that doesn’t mean they shouldn’t do it; actually, experts on the field suggest that’s exactly what they should do in order to learn general knowledge, and improve their social skills.

It is important to say that cases can be very different, depending on the type of autism the kid has, the require assistance can variate; some of them will need just a bit of help to socialize with other kids, while others can require special attention as well as constant intervene to help the kid interact in a satisfactory level with other kids, in any case, assistance can be extremely helpful.

How to contribute to the kid’s inclusion

It may sound rough, but if you know someone with autism, surely you’ve noticed some rejection from the society to them. This happens because most of the people tend to reject what they don’t understand; in other words, if they see someone who’s too different, they will usually feel curious about it, but in most cases they won’t talk to them. Here’s when the assistance of an adult can be very helpful.

For example, say there’s a group of children playing, if you want a kid with autism to be included in the group, you should not only talk with the kid, but to the whole group, and try to let them all know how different can be the new kid, as well as how funny can be playing with him or her. Introducing him or her, you will be helping out the kid taking a bit of pressure out of his or her shoulders as well as letting the other children know that difference between them can be a good and not a bad thing.

When it comes about kids with ASD, inclusion can be a hard task sometimes. It is always recommendable to assist to a therapist if a particular case is evidently harder than most and requires special assistance. The goal is to develop strategies to help the child feel more comfortable when interacting with others. These strategies can take longer, but once the results start to show, it will be very helpful for the kid’s present and future.

how to have a harmonious inclusion of your child with autism

Everything must be voluntary.

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First-Time Parents Guide: Disruptive Behaviors, What Can I Do to Help My Kid?

It’s commonly normal for kids to present bad behaviors such as tantrums, being defiant, not listening, among others. Normally, as parents, you must be very aware to discipline them and teach the correct way to behave.

However, when these begin to occur more continuously at home, school, or elsewhere, children exhibit disruptive behavior where discipline is difficult to find because the routine and daily life are disturbed. So, in today’s article Autism Soccer will explain what exactly means this topic.

Getting to know the disruptive behaviors

This condition will present a constant pattern of anger, defiance, backtalk, troubling managing and regulating emotions, and even the worst behaviors can show kids being hostile or aggressive with their peers, older kids, parents, and relatives. Sometimes it can look like a normal bad episode, the one that every parent has to deal with, but in reality, the disruptive behaviors are more intense, dangerous and difficult to control or discipline.

These will affect their social circle and how they interact with other figures as teachers, neighbors, and relatives. School and extracurricular activities are also affected because these terrible episodes can be present.

There are two commons types of the disruptive behaviors: oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder.

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)

This type is less stronger than the conduct disorder; however, can present some struggles within the child. Paying attention to the symptoms is important; they can be:

  • Show tantrums and anger more regular than other kids.
  • Constantly arguing with the adults around.
  • Hard to follow orders or comply request from parents and teachers.
  • Used to blame others for their mistakes.
  • Like to annoy other children.
  • Often seek revenge of people that treat them bad.

Conduct disorder

This condition is very dangerous because involves violent and aggressive episodes. It can be diagnosed as ODD in kids very young, but later after they show their personalities, the aggression appeared. Children with this disorder can ignore and abuse others physically and emotionally, with total knowledge about what they are doing. Among the symptoms are:

  • Strong bullying toward others that can escalate to aggression.
  • Refuse to limits and boundaries, like to go to school or daily routines.
  • Abusing animals and younger kids in the neighborhood.
  • Experts in lying, stealing and vandalizing.
  • Abuse on certain substances is common.
  • Engage in physical fights with older kids.

Many parents tend to confuse a rebel teenage with an individual that is suffering from disruptive behaviors, which need expert treatment. Talking constantly with teachers, friends and know their responses will be important to seek correct help from professionals. Know that you as parents are not alone, many people are just like you, trying to know how to help their children to control these bad behaviors.

Experts are the best way to start the corrects treatments, but your work at home is equally important: never think less of your duties. Remember, disruptive behaviors can be conditions that can produce violent episodes, so never minimize the seriousness of them, they are not a common rebellious attitude: the health of your kids and people around them can be in danger.

How can you help your son or daughter with disruptive behavior at home?

Discipline with positive attitude

This condition shows different attitudes, but it doesn’t mean that kids can’t present good ones. When that happens, reward them while you praise them and show affection. For example, let them eat their favorite food or take them to a place they want to visit, try not to provide material things because they can trick you into a loop which can be difficult to break.

Punishment after the misbehavior

Never wait for the next day to punish them for a mistake. Making kids understand where and why is the mistake will be important for them to be responsible adults. Whatever the punishment, it must come right there, that way children will completely comprehend what is bad, and how to improve.

Minor behaviors

Every child makes different little mistakes, like spilling juice or water because they are not paying enough attention. Children with disruptive behaviors can present the same mistakes, but for them is more important the correction and what they can learn from it, cleaning or correct their own errors can be of great help for them. So explain to them what is wrong and how to find a solution.

These small but important steps can be perfect for your kids with disruptive behaviors because you’re dealing with the problem even with all the fears that this condition may present. Always trust the pediatrician and therapist in what to do at home and school for them to improve day after day.

what you should do in case of disruptive behaviors

Learn about autism to help your son or daughter to have a better life.

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¿Cómo funciona el proceso de aprendizaje para los niños con autismo?

Existe la creencia de que los niños con autismo no aprenden o no quieren aprender lo que les estamos enseñando. Esto no puede estar más equivocado, la verdad es que ellos tienen su propia forma de atención: dentro de sus cabezas las cosas no funcionan de la misma forma a las que estamos habituados, por lo que hoy queremos darte una pequeña introducción a su proceso de aprendizaje.

Una forma distinta de ver el mundo

El trastorno del espectro autista -o TES como también se le es conocido- es un síndrome que se origina en la malformación de las neuronas durante el desarrollo del bebé en el vientre. Esta condición afecta durante toda su vida al paciente impidiendo que desarrolle ciertas habilidades de forma tradicional. Esto no quiere decir que sean discapacitados o algo por el estilo; en muchos casos, los niños con autismo suelen ser personas brillantes y amigables.

El reto consiste en enseñar correctamente las normas, habilidades y buenas conductas de la sociedad debido al funcionamiento particular de su cerebro. Es decir, su proceso de aprendizaje es muy distinto, por lo que muchos profesores y padres podrían sentirse muy frustrados al respecto. Por fortuna, existen diversas formas de enseñanza para la buena educación de estos chicos; a continuación, vamos a explicarte un poco sobre esto.

Un proceso distinto

El desarrollo de nuevas habilidades y conocimientos no puede consistir en la simple repetición de ideas y procesos de forma constante. Ellos sencillamente no están programados para aprender de esa forma. De igual manera, necesitan saber por adelantado lo que harán para que no se sientan frustrados o estresados al respecto. Esto les permite, además, enfrentarse a los retos que se les presenten con un mejor semblante y una actitud más calmada.

Un detalle particular del autismo es que los pequeños pueden presentar ciertas hipersensibilidades a ciertos estímulos, como sonidos, colores y sensaciones corporales. Cada niño debería tener su propio modelo de enseñanza y lo que se le esté impartiendo debe ser reforzado tanto en el hogar como en su colegio.

Una vez que hayamos encontrado cuáles son las dificultades que puede presentar, se deben plantear actividades diversas que ayuden a su inclusión: terapias de habla y ocupacional, enseñanza de valores y habilidades del día al día son algunas de las más recurrentes hasta los diez años. Cada una de ellas no debe ser muy difícil para que no pierdan el interés tras sentirse frustrados, pero tampoco deben ser muy simples, de modo que siempre tengan algo con qué entretenerse.

Una forma ideal de enseñar es asociar cada tema con sus gustos: en muchos casos, la lectura o los dibujos son los más recurrentes en niños con TES, por lo que el proceso de aprendizaje de estos chicos debe estar orientado a estas prácticas. Así, aseguramos que disfrute lo que esté haciendo y que siempre esté aprendiendo cosas nuevas.

Un punto clave para los que ya son un poco más grandes está representado por las actividades grupales: debemos inculcarles el valor de la interacción social para el buen logro de ciertas tareas. Además, le guiaremos a comunicarse de forma correcta con los demás y así poco a poco ir integrándolo a nuestro entorno. Hay que tener paciencia, por supuesto; en muchas ocasiones no comprenderán del todo las razones de algunas acciones, por lo que algunos berrinches podrán ser esperados.

El proceso de aprendizaje de los niños con autismo es sin duda un poco más lento que el de los niños neurotípicos, pero con el tiempo verán las recompensas de haber tenido tanta paciencia y haber insistido con todo durante los años. El amor y el compañerismo que ellos dan es inmenso, y si les enseñamos muy bien, incluso podremos aprender de ellos.

conoce el proceso de aprendizaje

El proceso de aprendizaje en los niños con autismo funciona de una manera distinta, ¡conócela!

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4 Videos That Will Make You Experience a Sensory Overload

Have you ever experienced sensory overload? Well, if you haven’t heard about it, your answer would probably be “no,” but after reading this article, you may change your perspective. The fact is that most of us have experienced sensory overload at some level at least once in our lifetime, although it is particularly associated with certain conditions like the autism spectrum disorders.

What is Sensory overload?

Sensory overload occurs when something around us stimulates at least one of our senses in an extreme way, making us feel highly uncomfortable. Have you’ve ever been to a party where the music is too high? Or a classroom where everyone is making too much noise? Sometimes in situations like those, we cannot help feeling deeply overwhelmed, the situation is just more than we can take, and we just want to get out of there and go to some place quite. That’s what sensory overload feels like.

Generally, it’s easy to escape the discomfort; if a smell is what’s bothering us we may walk away, if too many people are talking at the seam time we can use headphones or leave the room, but the fact is, when it comes about kids, especially kids with ASD, it’s not that simple to get away from these situations, because things that are part of our daily life can be the ones that make kids with ASD feel sensory overloaded.

In what situation can a sensory overload happen?

It is important to know that sensory overload triggers are not always the same for everyone, it depends on each person, but regardless, there are some common triggers when it comes to children with ASD and pretty much kids in general:

Noises

Rooms full of noises are a common factor that can trigger a sensory overload episode.It doesn’t necessarily have to be lound noises: certain people’s voices, the ringing bells of a church, the noise of the cutlery against the dishes on a restaurant, or even the unusual echo of a public bathroom can make a kid feel overwhelmed.

Bright lights

Bright lights can be more than annoying for kids; city lights or cars headlights are often usually a nuisance that depending on the sensitivity of the child, can be a strong trigger.

Unfamiliar surroundings and strangers

We should always keep in mind that sensory overload is linked with anxiety, unknown places tend to be a reason for kids with ASD to worry, also, these kids tend to feel intimidated by people that they haven’t meet before, even when they are been polite and kind.

Sometimes the things that can disturb them to the point that they feel sensory overload are not easy to perceive, therefore, we need to pay special attention to the way they react to particular surroundings and situations.

How can we help?

Talk to them: Pay attention to their usual triggers, once you’ve known them, let the kid know that you are aware of it, and you will be there to help them anytime they feel overwhelmed. For example: if you have realized that your kid doesn’t feel right on crowded places, make sure to tell him there’s no problem with going to a quiet place. Plus, the communication will create increase the bond of trust between the kid and you, and he will be more likely to try to let you know when he feels uncomfortable.

It’s important to be prepared: Kids with ASD doesn’t tend to enjoy unusual spontaneous activities, so try to avoid them every time you can, instead, make sure to have a plan and share it with the kid, that way he’ll be prepared for the upcoming event. For example, if you’re taking him to a store, let him know hours before, that way he can prepare himself for it, this way, you reduce the probability of a sensory overload episode.

It’s true that it can be hard to fully understand, and there are times where an image can say more than words, therefore, we are going to leave four links that will guide you to different videos, where each video will help you get a clearer idea of how sensory overload feels like.

Sensory Overload

 

 

Sensory Overload Simulation – What is it like to be extremely sensitive in daily situations?

 

 

Can you make it to the end?

 

Autism and sensory sensitivity

how to control sensory overload?

Sensory overload is not an easy thing for children, we have to help them to avoid hard moments and stress.

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Late Spectrum Diagnosis: Just How Common it is to Be Misdiagnosed

Autism spectrum disorders nowadays can be diagnosed with more precision than ever, mostly because there’s a lot of information and tools to help with the correct diagnosis. However, in previous decades it was hard to find the reason for the atypical behavior in children and adults alike. This situation is the reason for many late diagnoses in adults, and even wrong diagnosis and treatments for the wrong condition that they had to stand while growing up.

For some individuals, dealing with struggles in their lives because they can’t choose a proper reaction and have difficulties to engage with the people around them is quite common. Finding that they are within the spectrum is a relief, as it helps them learn how to handle their conditions, that way their lives can improve significantly.

Why many children are misdiagnosed?

There is not a single cause for this. It depends on how they behave, what symptoms they present, and if their parents and teachers are paying attention to their development and interactions with other children. Also, because we are talking about a spectrum with so many different conditions and symptoms, it can be hard to place every single one of the children into it.

Since 2013, thanks to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, professionals, teachers, and parents have found a guide to place the array of symptoms associated with autism. And with it, the diagnosis has become a group effort to find the best course of action for children and help them integrate to their surroundings.

But for many kids who grow up undiagnosed and became adults, this lack of proper diagnosis became a burden; they grow with an odd feeling of not belonging, they are criticized for their natural behaviors and feel like outcasts, especially during their teenage years. With the new technology and procedures, a lot of people have been finding a correct diagnosis, starting a treatment to ease their problems, and help them interact with society.

As more people begin to understand what the ASD’s really are, there will be fewer misdiagnosis and children will find a way to develop their full potential. That is the reason why parents and teachers must work closely, ask each other if something looks out of the ordinary, be very aware of the children habits and interactions, and observe their reactions to find symptoms that will indicate some condition or behavioral aspect.

As parents, we should never be afraid to seek professional guidance and ask as many questions as are necessary; after all, your kids deserve the best in the world, and living within the spectrum is not necessarily a negative thing: it’s just the beginning of a wonderful journey with its ups and downs, with sacrifice and rewards, that will prepare them for the future ahead.

Come to Autism Soccer, where we offer excellent programs for the development of your children and a place for them to be comfortable and happy.

autism spectrum condition

This condition is not something linear; it has certain variations across the people who have it.

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Dispraxia, ¿qué es y cómo saber cuándo acudir a un especialista?

La dispraxia es una enfermedad neurológica comúnmente ligada al autismo, aunque existen ocasiones en donde este trastorno puede aparecer por su cuenta. Se trata de un problema bastante común en el mundo, por lo que su entendimiento y las formas de tratarlo son de fácil acceso al público general. Hoy vamos a explicarte un poco más en detalle acerca de la sintomatología de la enfermedad y de sus formas de tratamiento

Problemas de movimiento

No se conocen exactamente los orígenes de la dispraxia, pero se cree que su causa radica en una malformación del área motriz del cerebro durante la gestación. Es un problema con el que muchas personas nacen y puede ser tratada, afortunadamente, por diferentes expertos en la medicina, como los terapeutas ocupacionales.

Esta dolencia puede aparecer por su cuenta en extraños casos, pero lo más común es encontrar junto a diferentes problemas neurológicos como el autismo o el síndrome de Down. Vamos a describir algunos de los síntomas más comunes en torno a la dispraxia:

  • Problemas de coordinación.
  • Problemas de concentración.
  • Dificultad para realizar tareas de todo tipo.
  • Déficit de fuerza y habilidad en las manos.

Hay algunos especialistas que catalogan como un síntoma de dispraxia la dificultad del habla, pero lo cierto en estos casos es que se trata de un problema, también neuronal, pero de un área distinta del cerebro en donde no se han creado los enlaces correctos para la buena comunicación verbal. A este trastorno se le llama apraxia y no se le debería confundir o asociar a la dispraxia.

En cualquier caso, ambos trastornos se pueden presentar en los niños con autismo debido a las complicaciones neuronales implícitas al estar dentro del espectro. La buena noticia es que se puede tratar sin problemas, pero es un trabajo de gran duración que puede llegar a cansar tanto al paciente como a sus allegados.

Tratamiento

Existen dos especialistas claves en para el buen tratamiento de esta enfermedad: Primero están los terapeutas ocupacionales, quienes se encargan del cuidado de las acciones finas, como la escritura, agarre de objetos y el entramado de cosas pequeñas.

Para acciones más globales, los terapeutas físicos son los más indicados para el desarrollo de las articulaciones atrofiadas. Los ejercicios que estos profesionales usan son un poco más exigentes hacia el paciente y en algunos casos podrían causar dolor; pero no hay de qué preocuparse, esto es normal. Al estar tratando con músculos y articulaciones contraídos, el estiramiento de ellos produce ácido láctico, el principal causante de dolor muscular.

La consistencia y repetición son las claves en el éxito del tratamiento, pero nunca hay que forzar abruptamente al paciente debido al dolor que se puede causar y a que estamos tratando con personas que usualmente no disfrutan el contacto físico, por lo que el rechazo y el disgusto siempre estará presente en la mayoría de las sesiones. Poco a poco, según se vayan acostumbrando a los ejercicios, sus músculos empezarán a ganar mayor masa, resistencia y movilidad, y los efectos de la dispraxia se reducirán.

En general no existe una cura total de la dispraxia, pero sí tratamientos que ayudan a mitigar sus efectos. Se trata de una condición para toda la vida, por lo que es muy común que determinados niños lleguen a la adultez con cierto nivel de ella, pero con suerte y tratamiento este puede ser lo suficientemente sutil para ser imperceptible para otras personas y así no limitarlos en sus actividades diarias.

No se trata de una enfermedad para nada grave; la clave en su tratamiento es la constancia y firmeza a la hora de realizar los ejercicios. Los padres deben apoyar constantemente a los niños para animarles a seguir con el tratamiento y minimizar los efectos de la enfermedad.

características de la dispraxia

Para los niños, esta condición es particularmente frustrante; es importante que los padres consideren las terapias.

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