big featured images, with sidebar

Boys with Autism: Take Care of Your Body!

Puberty brings many physical and psychological changes that are difficult to handle, especially for teens with autism. Our responsibility as parents is to teach our children how to take care of their bodies during this stage. Here we show you the best way to educate your child with autism in all aspects related to the care and hygiene of the body.

The first thing you have to explain to an adolescent within the spectrum is why he needs to take care of his body. It is important to use a simple language according to his age and level of autism, so he can understand the changes he will experience as he grows and develops.

Let him know that as we age, our bodies change until we become adults. This transition from boy to man is what we call puberty. When it arrives, it will bring changes like:

  • Oily skin and hair.
  • Facial hair growth (beard).
  • Sweat will have a stronger and more penetrating smell, especially in the area under the arms.
  • The voice becomes deeper.
  • Frequent erections, ejaculation, and wet dreams.

This process is biological and natural. It happens to all men when they grow up. The changes are presented progressively, so you must help your child change his routines to stay clean and healthy.

A routine to stay clean

Talk to your child with autism about the daily routine he needs to follow to stay clean. Teach him that he should:

  • Wear clean underwear.
  • Wash his hands daily with soap and water, especially before and after eating or after using the bathroom.
  • Use a clean, dry towel after taking a bath.
  • Take a bath twice a day.
  • Make a greater effort to clean his genitals and armpits as they are the most sweaty areas and can produce a bad smell.
  • Brush his teeth twice a day and floss to prevent tooth decay and bad breath.

What about shaving?

In adolescence, facial hair begins to show.  For children with autism, it can be uncomfortable and they may try to remove it from their faces. Your son should not shave on his own. Guide him through the whole process and tell him that he should always ask an adult for help, at least until he learns how to do it safely.

Underwear, why wear it?

We recommend that you explain to your boy why it is convenient to wear underwear. This intimate garment should be comfortable, easy for him to put on and remove, and make him feel safe when walking, running or jumping.

Mention that there are different types of underwear and he can choose the one he likes best and suits his needs.

How can he remember this much information?

At first, changing his daily routine can be hard work, but over time, your child will end up getting used to it. He will eventually understand that these new habits will help him prevent diseases, the appearance of infections, and keep him clean and fresh.

Remind him how the routine should go every day. For this, you can use these strategies:

  • Make a schedule about the times he is supposed to wash his face, shave, or take a bath.
  • Use images to remind him of the steps he needs to take every morning.
  • Put numbers on daily items, such as shampoo and deodorant, to let him know which one he should apply first.
  • Prepare special kits with the supplies he needs. For example, the first kit should have soap, a toothbrush, toothpaste, mouthwash, deodorant, and a hairbrush.
  • Choose the supplies he likes to use for their smell, texture, or pleasant sensations they produce. In stores, there are many different brands and smells. Encourage him to choose the one likes the most.
boy within the spectrum

Take care of your body is a must, check out our tips!


Facebook: Autism Soccer

Instagram: Autism Soccer

Twitter: Autism Soccer

Major Angel Sponsor

How to Enjoy Thanksgiving with Your Child with Autism

Thanksgiving Day lets us know the Christmas season is near and along with it, many new experiences for your child. Each special date may bring us joy and some moments of concern for our family.

But there’s no need to worry. The key is choosing carefully the activities in which they will participate. Here are some tips on how to make Thanksgiving a pleasant, enjoyable, and bonding experience for all, especially for your child within the spectrum.

Attend the event early

In case you’re not the host, arriving early to the event will allow your child to adapt faster and easier to the environment. During that time, you can explore the place so you can get familiarized with it. This will make you feel both more calm and confident.

The idea is that your son or daughter feels comfortable in this new space. It is also important that you visualize a quiet place where your child can stay in if he or she starts feeling overwhelmed.

Bring your food if necessary

If your child has problems with certain foods or doesn’t like some textures, carry an additional meal according to his or her taste. You could also tell the host what your child prefers to eat in advance.

Eating what he or she likes will help them cope with any stressful situation they might go through.

Create your own traditions

List all your child’s needs and try to adjust your family traditions according to the things that make him or her feel comfortable. On Thanksgiving, for example, everyone may sit at the table in casual clothes or pajamas so everyone can feel more relaxed.

Remind your child about the good experiences of previous years using photos or videos of the activities you did together. These special memories will help them feel better during this celebration.

Talk to your family about the occasion

Let your family know about your kid’s taste and preferences, so they have them in mind during both the initial activities and the celebration.

For example, if your child likes to play Minecraft, someone that likes it too can play with him or her. From there, they may discover other things they have in common. These details are important for developing social skills.

Teach and encourage positive behaviors

Explain to your child how to behave during Thanksgiving and the rules your family follows on this special day. Walk him or her through the whole process: everyone sits at the table, greet each other with a smile or a hug, and then start to eat.

Try to rehearse the event if possible. This way, your child will know how to act, and you can identify which situations could be particularly stressful. Also, you need to reinforce their good behavior.




Thanksgiving can be difficult for them, but wit these tips it can be a great time with family.

Facebook: Autism Soccer

Instagram: Autism Soccer

Twitter: Autism Soccer

Major Angel Sponsor

Técnicas a aplicar cuando los niños con autismo se nieguen a usar ropa de invierno

Cuando se acerca el invierno las temperaturas bajan y el frío acecha, así que queremos cuidar la salud de nuestros niños para evitar que se enfermen; por tal motivo, les compramos ropa abrigadora y perfecta para la temporada. Aunque esto no significa que ellos tengan la mejor disposición para usarla. Motivados por ello, te dejamos algunas recomendaciones para lograr que usen estas prendas tan importantes. ¡Una nota imperdible para padres!

¿Cómo incentivar a los niños a usar la ropa de invierno?

La mayoría de los niños sienten que la ropa de invierno es incómoda, con mucho volumen y les causa comezón. Por esto, se rehúsan a usarla. Es importante cuidarlos durante la época de frío y evitar que se enfermen.

Es recomendable tomar algunas medidas para convencerlos de una manera amigable y lograr que se sientan mejor. Hablar con ellos y mostrarles de manera práctica siempre será una excelente alternativa. Evita presionarlos u obligarlos a hacer algo que no desean. Los padres de niños dentro del espectro deben trabajar la paciencia y herramientas en pro de mantenerlos tranquilos.

5 técnicas a considerar

Déjalos opinar. Ir con él al momento de adquirir la ropa de invierno puede ser un punto a su favor. Al elegir las prendas, tu hijo se sentirá a gusto y emocionado por estrenar las piezas nuevas.

Busquen telas suaves y holgadas. Inclínense por telas de algodón y que no causen molestia en la piel. También elimina las etiquetas y evita los detalles decorativos que no cumplan con el cometido de abrigar, como las lentejuelas, plumas, entre otras.

Enséñale las consecuencias de no usar ropa de invierno. No se trata de dejarlos a la deriva pasando frío, pero sí de mostrarles lo que se enfrentan. Acércalo a la ventana o a la puerta de la casa, explícale que las temperaturas están muy bajas y se sentirá mal al salir poco cubierto.

Coloca la ropa de invierno dentro de sus opciones. Organízala de forma vistosa y guarda la ropa de verano, así no la tendrá como alternativa inmediata. Prueba realizando combinaciones y muéstrales a ver qué le parecen.

Ármate con videos o fotografías que lo motiven. Invítalo a practicar actividades al aire libre e incentívalo a través de materiales que encuentres en la red. Plantéale interrogantes cómo “¿Ves que cómodos se ven con sus bufandas?”; “De no tener ese gorro, seguramente no hubiese disfrutado patinar sobre hielo”; “Tú te verías muy profesional si, al igual que ellos, usaras guantes y orejeras para esquiar”.

También puedes darle la opción de usar una prenda sobre otra. Todo dependerá de sus preferencias. 

Los niños con autismo suelen ser muy visuales y escuchan a la persona con quien tengan una buena relación. Si les explicas de forma cariñosa y le das ejemplos claros, terminarán cediendo a tu petición. ¡Haz la prueba!


Niño e invierno

Ten en cuenta estas técnicas y tips para que usen la ropa correcta.

Major Angel Sponsor

Teens with Autism: How Can They Notice When Someone Is Being Nice?

Teens with autism can’t always know whether people are being nice, mean or if they are trying to bully them. This is why they must receive the necessary guidance to avoid unpleasant situations with those they meet.

In addition to this, they should also be taught how to recognize when someone is being friendly, and how to reciprocate those actions. When making new friends, you should choose a person willing to be kind.

How to know if someone wants to be your friend?

When people want to be nice, they usually smile and look you in the eye. They may use some phrases to let you know that they enjoy your company.

Phrases such as: “I like going out with you” and “I like talking to you” indicate that they feel comfortable around you. If someone likes spending time with you, they will answer affirmatively when you ask them to do something together. But sometimes they may tell you no if they are busy, not feeling well, or they are simply not willing to go out.

In this case, you could wait for a better time to ask them again to do any activity, either after school or on any other day. If the person doesn’t want to be your friend or hang out with you, it is better not to insist.

How can I know when someone is being mean?

There are kind and mean people everywhere. In time, we can learn to recognize them and know with whom it is better to interact. If you notice any of these signs: they interrupt you when you speak, they don’t include you in their activities, use nicknames to refer to you, or hurt you physically, walk away from them.

On the other hand, if someone laughs when you are close by, they can either be laughing with you or at you. If they laugh at you, they are not being friendly.

How can you tell the difference? People will laugh with you when something funny happens or if you make a joke. On the contrary, if someone laughs at you, it is because they are making fun of the way you look or talk. Mocking other people is never kind or friendly.

What should I do about it?

If someone behaves badly, walk away from him/her immediately. If they try to make fun of you on social media or send you text messages you don’t like, simply don’t respond to any of his/her comments.

Contact an adult you trust and tell them about the incident. It can be a family member, a teacher, or a friend.  They will help you decide what to do in these situations. Most of the time, it is best to ignore the people that are trying to mock you and find someone else to start a friendship.

Don’t forget that you are a valuable human being who deserves respect, consideration, and kind treatment. Those who don’t treat you kindly do not deserve your company.




Preparing the teens within the spectrum to face new challenges specially in the social aspect is important.

Facebook: Autism Soccer

Instagram: Autism Soccer

Twitter: Autism Soccer


Major Angel Sponsor

Adolescentes con autismo: ¿cómo hacer amigos?

Hacer amistades puede ser difícil al principio, pero terminará llenándote de grandes satisfacciones. Los amigos son personas cercanas con las que estableces vínculos de hermandad para apoyarse mutuamente, pasar tiempo juntos y practicar actividades en común. ¿Cómo puedes lograrlo? No te pierdas estos tips que hemos preparado para ti.

¿Qué tan importante es hacer amigos?

Los amigos son esas personas cercanas con las que puedes pasar tu tiempo libre, divertirte y apoyarse en los momentos complicados. Ellos te quieren por lo que eres, te defienden si es necesario y se alegran por tus logros. Hacer amistades a veces resulta intimidante, quizás te cueste un poco interactuar con otros jóvenes o sientes miedo al rechazo. Sin embargo, en cualquier momento podemos conocer a alguien que se convertirá en nuestro hermano de vida. Aunque tampoco se trata de hablar con cualquier desconocido. Inclínate por los sitios en dónde puedas toparte con chicos confiables: el colegio, los campamentos vacacionales, clubes deportivos, talleres o lugares recreacionales pueden ser sitios perfectos.

¿Qué cualidades debes buscar en un amigo?

Procura que sea alguien amable, que te haga sentir cómodo y respete tus límites; que disfrute compartiendo ratos amenos contigo, tengan intereses en común y no se meta en problemas. Si tu nuevo amigo resulta ser maleducado o tiene malos hábitos esto podría causarte dificultades. Es posible que estés considerando a alguna persona, pero tengas tus dudas al respecto. En este caso, no dudes en consultar con tus padres, tutores o profesores. Ellos estarán muy a gusto ayudándote en este proceso.

No te pongas nervioso, esto es algo completamente natural y todos pasamos por eso. Lo importante es que seas natural y dejes que todo fluya de forma espontánea.

¿Por dónde puedo empezar?

  • Sé agradable con las personas que conozcas.
  • Sonríe y sé empático.
  • Puedes iniciar con un “hola” y luego preguntar si puedes sentarte a su lado.
  • Invítalo a acompañarte en algún juego, bien sea de mesa o algún deporte.
  • Ofrécele algo de tu propiedad, quizás un color si lo necesita o cualquier cosa que te permita entablar una relación de confianza.
  • Halaga detalles de su personalidad o aspecto físico: ¡qué lindos zapatos!, ¡qué graciosa eres!, o algo parecido.

No olvides que algunas personas no son tan simpáticas como imaginamos. Si sientes que desvían la mirada o te prestan poca atención, no insistas. Quizás esa persona no se encuentre de ánimos. Eres muy valioso y mereces cosas maravillosas, así que si algunos no están dispuestos, ellos se pierden de conocer a un ser excepcional como tú. No obstante, si tienes una mala experiencia no debes cerrarte a nuevas posibilidades. Hay demasiadas personas sensacionales en el mundo para afligirnos por un pequeño grupo. Anímate a seguir estos consejos y en menos de lo que esperas estarás rodeado de muchas personas increíbles, ¡haz la prueba!

Grupo de amigos

Aunque puede ser un reto para ellos, tener amigos es muy beneficioso. Aprende cómo ayudarlos a superar cualquier desasfío.


Facebook: Autism Soccer

Instagram: Autism Soccer

Twitter: Autism Soccer

Major Angel Sponsor

Tips for Grandparents of a Child Within the Spectrum

The arrival of a child with autism at home involves many changes that affect all members of the family. This includes, of course, grandparents, who may find it difficult to interact with them. If you have grandchildren with autism, you might be interested in our advice on how to understand and relate better to them. These are five tips:

1. Expect the unexpected

A crisis can occur at any time, so we must be prepared. Children with autism are very sensitive, and any alteration in their environment might cause tears and screams.

Although this is a common behavior in children, you should anticipate these situations by planning some words and actions that may calm them down.

The first thing you need to do is move your grandchild away from any stressful place. Then, you could make some jokes and act as if you were in a fun game. Humor is always a good way to release tension.

2. Change what you can and let the rest go

To maintain a good relationship with both your grandchildren and their parents, and have a good time with them, it is advisable to share your opinion on parenting very carefully.

Focus on everything you can do while you’re spending time with them. It’s all about enjoying these moments, contributing and supporting their parents as much as possible. Change and transform what is within your reach, and do not stress over the things you can’t change. Just let go.

3. Savor the moments and create memories

Children with autism have difficulty developing empathy and interacting with others. They may not stand out for their affection, but there are strategies, such as games, that will help develop a closer relationship.

Try to get involved in their activities. Play their games, laugh with them, and pay attention to their tricks from the side of the pool. Little by little, you’ll start to notice these special moments in which your grandchild will show you their love. Enjoy every hug, kiss, smile, and appreciate all the memories.

But remember that, sometimes, they may have a bad day or be in a bad mood. Let the happy days compensate for the bad ones, and keep in mind that your grandchild is a very sweet being.

4. Learn to love their peculiarities, work with them and use them in your favor

All children within the spectrum are unique and have their own peculiarities. Some develop a strong interest in certain topics. Use this as a powerful tool to develop a closer bond with them.

Try to learn about those topics so you can have a good conversation with them. For example, if your grandchild loves dinosaurs, tell them a story about it. This could help you teach them new things and calm them down whenever they go through a crisis.

Going out can also help you get closer to your grandchild. Take them to the movies, plan a trip to a theme park, a museum, or any place where they can learn more about what they like.

5. Let them rely on you and be available

Grandparents are essential in the lives of both children with autism and their parents, especially to help them release stress. Living or spending enough time with the children gives a perspective on the situation, the parents have to go through.

You can contribute with your wisdom and experience. Be present at home so you can offer your guidance and support. It is important that they feel your unwavering trust and love.


grandmother and grandaughter

Follow these tips to have good interactions with your granchildren within the spectrum.




Facebook: Autism Soccer

Instagram: Autism Soccer

Twitter: Autism Soccer

Major Angel Sponsor

Adolescentes con autismo: tips dirigidos a chicas para cuidar su cuerpo

El cuidado del cuerpo es sumamente importante para nuestra salud. Por tanto, la higiene forma parte fundamental de la rutina diaria para mantener nuestro bienestar. Es común que al entrar en la adolescencia ocurran diferentes cambios en tu cuerpo y, al principio, sientas cierto temor o desagrado por lo que está ocurriendo. Lo ideal es informarse al respecto y armarse de consejos para saber cómo cuidar su cuerpo de la mejor manera. Hoy queremos darte algunas recomendaciones para lograrlo. ¡No dejes de leer nuestro artículo!

Cambios en el cuerpo

Al acercarte a la adolescencia pasarás por un periodo conocido como pubertad; en él los cambios en tu cuerpo empiezan a hacerse visibles y podrías sentirte abrumada con respecto al tema. Es importante saber que se trata de un proceso totalmente normal. Todas las mujeres que conoces han pasado por él: tu mamá, maestras, primas o hermanas de mayor edad saben de qué va todo esto. No dudes en pedir asesoría si no sabes qué hacer ante esta situación. Seguramente ellas tendrán recomendaciones de cómo cuidar su cuerpo y, sin duda, los compartirán contigo.

¿Qué cambios podría experimentar?

  • Piel y cabello más graso. Podrías empezar a sufrir de barritos en el rostro. Lo mejor es no tocarlos mucho y pedirles a tus padres que te pongan en tratamiento. Si los exprimes terminarás maltratando tu piel y desencadenando una erupción aún mayor.
  • Crecimiento de los senos. En principio, podría resultar doloroso y tedioso, pero con el paso de los días te sentirás más cómoda. Pide ayuda a tu mamá o persona más cercana para realizar la compra de tu primer brasier. Podrías iniciar con un modelo muy práctico, el famoso “acostumbrador”. Su función es precisamente sostener tu busto y hacer que te adaptes rápidamente.
  • Crecimiento de vello (y mal olor en algunas zonas de tu cuerpo). Con la pubertad también llegan los vellitos en lugares que no hubieses imaginado: axilas, piernas y zona íntima. Este cambio podría originar un olor fuerte en esas áreas. De aquí la importancia de la higiene personal.
  • Llegada de tu primera menstruación. Esta parte puede resultar complicada al principio, aunque terminarás acostumbrándote. No te asustes, es menos grave de lo que parece. La sangre no es señal de alarma, más bien se trata de un proceso que tu organismo necesita para estar bien. Las toallas sanitarias serán tus mejores aliadas, tenlas a la mano y pide consejo a tus allegadas de cómo colocarla.

¿Cómo cuidar su cuerpo? 

La higiene será tu aliada principal. Es esencial cuidar los detalles para evitar pasar malos ratos:

  • Aprende a bañarte sola y asear cada rincón de tu cuerpo. Procura hacerlo a diario, sin falta.
  • Usa ropa limpia. Aplica para la ropa interior, medias, pantalones y camisas. De esta forma, evitarás olores al haber sudado previamente.
  • Lava tus dientes diariamente después de cada comida.
  • Usa desodorante para tus axilas, crema hidratante para tu cuerpo, perfume si es de tu agrado, champú y todos los productos que tus padres crean convenientes.
  • Lava tus manos con frecuencia. Usa jabón y sécalas muy bien.

Los kits podrían sacarte de apuro y facilitar tu vida. Arma un pequeño neceser con papel higiénico, desodorante, toallas sanitarias, crema, entre otros y colócalo en tu bolso de uso común.

Los cambios pueden resultar frustrantes, pero nos pasan a todas y es parte del don de ser mujer. Ármate de valor y no te aflijas. ¡Buena suerte! 


Hoy se darán tips para chicas con respecto a los cambios de la adolescencia y cómo cuidar su cuerpo.


Facebook: Autism Soccer

Instagram: Autism Soccer

Twitter: Autism Soccer

Major Angel Sponsor

How to Strengthen the Relationship between a Child Within the Spectrum and His/Her Siblings?

Having a child with ASD causes a great impact on the family and, at the same time, becomes a challenge for the child’s parents and even siblings.

This condition affects a child in his/her way of conceiving the world which is different from others, to the parents who assume the additional commitment of raising a child who needs more attention and also to the siblings who make an effort to interact with their brother/sister with autism.

The relationship between a neurotypical child and his/her sibling with autism can become tense. However, the guidance of parents and some changes in the way of educating children can help them share and live with each other.

Here are some tips to promote a healthy relationship between an autistic child and his/her siblings:

1. Explain autism to neurotypical siblings

Depending on the age and maturity of your son or daughter, you can explain the notions about autism, and, as they acquire a greater understanding of the subject, try to incorporate more information, making it clear that his/her brother’s/sister’s condition is not temporary. You must adopt terms that the neurotypical child can clearly understand.

2. Promote time with siblings and friends

Neurotypical children want to spend time with friends, and for them to spend a lot of time with their sibling with autism is not something fun, but forced or the fulfillment of a duty. Fundamentally, difficulties in establishing communication, common interests or affection can be factors that interfere with sibling relationships.

This can cause a fracture in the union that exists between them, because they cannot anticipate the long-term benefits of facing and overcoming the situation. For them, it can be frustrating to have to prioritize a brother/sister with autism over their classmates and friends. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain a balance and not force them into exclusive company with their autistic sibling.

Neurotypical children should, in fact, socialize with their own friends. This is even healthier and helps reduce tensions between siblings, thus providing a better environment for interaction with their sibling with autism.

3. Enhance the importance of the neurotypical child’s work

Value your neurotypical child and highlight his/her qualities. Make him/her feel that he/she is important in the family nucleus. Children love to be given attention, but not in a manipulated way. Many praise phrases can be used to motivate typical children to interact with their brother/sister with autism.

Never convince your child in a forceful way to play with his/her autistic sibling – rather, you can persuade him with these words:

  • “You are a good listener when your brother tells you about his new toys; I bet that makes you feel happy!”
  • “You are a super helper, Tom! You read that book very well with your brother.”

The goal is that the child can interact with a sibling within the spectrum and feel that his/her actions and support are appreciated by others.

4. Take the children to a play date that other children with and without autism will attend

You are probably scheduled to attend an activity with children within the spectrum in the company of your child.

This could be counterproductive because your neurotypical child may feel excluded, and may even begin to feel envious because you are expressing favoritism or preference for the autistic brother or sister. It is best to take them both to the appointment to play and prevent them from developing feelings of resentment or rivalry.

In addition, they can better understand the condition of their sibling/s by interacting with others and perceive these differences in a fun and entertaining way, which will undoubtedly strengthen their understanding of autism.

5. Share your attention

An infallible way to prevent your little one from looking at his brother or sister with feelings of envy and resentment is to try to take an interest in and pay attention to him/her. Although it is true that a child with ASD demands great attention, you should look for ways to find the time to make both children feel loved equally.

Show affection to children in an effusive way.  Hug them, kiss them, express your love for them, congratulate them. It is important to make them feel that they are valued. Choose a special day for individualized attention. For example, attend a park or pool, etc… so you can take advantage of a quality moment with your neurotypical child. This can promote strong bonds of union between siblings.



Having a kid with autism is hard, but for a sibling can be more difficult. Teach them how to strengthen their relationship.


Facebook: Autism Soccer

Instagram: Autism Soccer

Twitter: Autism Soccer

Major Angel Sponsor

Genetic Aspects of the Autism Spectrum Disorder

Scientists have always thought that genetic aspects play an essential role in autism, but some agree that most diagnoses have an environmental origin. Recent research by specialists in the field of ASD predicts that genetics can be the cause of up to 90% of cases, and environmental problems also intervene, but to a lesser extent.

What does genetics mean for researchers?

The National Institutes of Health define a gene as:

“The basic physical and functional unit of inheritance. Genes, which are made up of DNA, act to produce molecules called proteins. In humans, genes vary in size from a few hundred DNA bases to more than two million bases. The Human Genome Project has estimated that humans have between 20,000 and 25,000 genes.”

These genes are very similar between one person and another, and even 1% of our DNA defines an individual and their particular characteristics. That is what makes us unique.

It is no secret to anyone that genetics causes physical and mental impact. This is because genetic changes or spontaneous mutations can occur (without a specific origin), or due to the result of exposure to the environment.

Autism researchers analyze the development of genetics to answer several questions that do not yet have an accurate answer:

  • To what extent is autism a condition inherited from parents?
  • To what extent does autism occur due to spontaneous changes in genes that are not inherited?
  • What are the genes or set of determining genes for a person to be autistic?
  • What changes in individual genes cause autism?
  • What is the relationship between autism and genetic disorders?
  • Are the genes responsible for different types of autism different?
  • What is the relationship between the environment and the genetic changes that lead to autism?

What information do we have about autism and genetics?

To date, many of these questions are a mystery to science. For this reason, a variety of studies are needed to keep moving forward, because they do not have an infallible answer.

It is not known whether combinations in genetic changes can cause autism, nor is it known whether genetic changes in any way lead to a high or low level of this condition. In addition, there are still doubts about the probability that it is an inherited condition. Another question is to know if gene therapy could have positive effects on people with ASD.

But there is information that we do know. For example, ASDs are born without an inheritance pattern. People with a family history associated with autism are at greater risk of developing this condition.

Any genetic alteration can generate an effect and when there is a lot of variability in the genes it can be linked to other environmental risk factors such as the age of the parents, complications during pregnancy and others that have not yet been discovered, and these can increase the level of a person’s risk of developing this condition.

Autism researchers think that 2 to 4% of people with autism have genetic mutations or chromosomal abnormalities that cause the disorder.

Even the resulting signs and symptoms can affect various parts of the body.

According to scientists, up to 2500 different genes could be related to autism. This figure was discovered using advanced technology, and it means that autism is a condition of great complexity.

Genetics and environment

There are environmental elements that, when linked to the genetic factor, can cause the appearance of various types of autism.

According to the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, certain environmental factors increase the risk of autism, but it is not certain that they are determinants in the development of ASD.

  • Advanced age at the time of conception.
  • Exposure during pregnancy to pollutants or toxic agents.
  • Diabetes.
  • Being overweight.
  • Low birth weight.
  • Problems at birth: lack of oxygen to the brain or any other prenatal limitation.
  • Poor prenatal nutrition.

How could any of these factors affect genetics?

This question remains a riddle for researchers; however, studies continue.

Environmental factors are not determining, because many elderly parents have neurotypical children, and there are premature children without this condition.

Now, children with a genetic risk of autism can develop the condition by undergoing the environmental factors described above.

Genetics or environment?

Several studies in 2017 showed that most of the causes are genetic. These are the most relevant results:

  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is added in families, and studies with twins estimate that the proportion of phenotypic variation due to genetic factors (heritability) is approximately 90 percent.
  • The heritability of ASD was estimated at 0.50, and the family environmental influences shared at 0.04.
  • The incidence of ‘inherited’ autism was approximately 83 percent, while the non-shared environmental influence was estimated at 17 percent.

Apparently, most people inherit autism. These results are transcendental for the treatment and prevention of autism with gene therapy in the future to help those families with people with autism.


girl and molecule model

Our DNA can define who we are and what is our personality, including certain conditions such as ASD.

Facebook: Autism Soccer

Instagram: Autism Soccer

Twitter: Autism Soccer




Major Angel Sponsor

Halloween for Children with Autism

Halloween scares many children. The themes attract their fear as there are terrifying decorations, costumes, scary movies, and not to mention an increase in the price of sweets.

The most complicated of all is to create the conditions so that this day does not affect our son/daughter with autism, and he/she can understand it in the best way. In this sense, what can we do to make this day not so chilling for them?

Remove the surprise factor

Take the time to talk with your child before Halloween. Explain to him/her in advance to prepare them for the subject. You can display images and videos with kids in disguise and with the usual “trick or treat” sign. Describe the environment and atmosphere you will find on the streets at night.

You can even show photos of previous celebrations and create a social story so that your child does not feel scared, and perceives the celebration as a repetitive event. This builds confidence and greater security.

Check out the neighborhood

Start a night walk through the neighborhood to see the decorations of the houses. Some may be more frightening than others. As a result, you may prefer to prevent your kid from visiting the most terrifying.

It is convenient to talk with the neighbors beforehand to find out what they plan to do, for example, if they plan to receive children with a costume when they get home. These scenes can cause fear in children with autism. For this reason, it is recommended to go to houses, parties, and even Halloween stores before taking your little one.

Teach trick or treat rules

Provide clear and precise instructions to your child about “trick or treat” rules. For example, don’t enter the house, say thanks and visit the next home, etc. Practice with him/her what that experience would be like and the steps you should follow, even when facing an unforeseen event such as if the neighbour is not at home.

One of the things we teach our infants is that they never accept sweets from strangers, so it is difficult to contradict this rule. It is better to explain that it is a party and that it is valid to do it this way, except you are going to shopping centers or stores.

Do a general rehearsal

Kids with sensory difficulties may experience discomfort with the clothing of Halloween. Many may suffer itching if the costume is too tight. The texture of the fabric is also likely to cause discomfort.

For children within the spectrum, makeup on the face may seem sticky. It can even make them feel weird. Besides, masks and accessories can make vision and hearing difficult, which can lead to the child feeling frustrated and forced to participate in Halloween activities.

Encourage your son/daughter to do a simulation of everything put on the costume, ask how they feel with it, and make the appropriate adjustments to make the event fun for the child.

You can also create a costume with everyday clothes. Choose a character that your child loves, but also clarify that it is not mandatory to wear a costume.

Make a candy plan

Be careful with your child’s diet. Remember that on Halloween, kids can exceed the consumption of sweets. In case of a restricted diet, deliver a bag of goodies acceptable to your neighbor beforehand so they can give it to your child.

It is also possible to exchange sweets with his/her sibling. Tell your son/daughter what he/she can and should do with sweets when he/she gets home. Set consumption limits before the party.

Promote the company of friends

Ask one of your little one’s neurotypical friends to accompany you and monitor compliance with the rules of trick or treating.

In turn, that friend can help your child with any eventuality. If you have other children, plan a solution in case your kid with ASD wants to retire before the other children have completed their activities.


kids enjoying Halloween

Enjoy this day to the fullest with them, following these tips.

Facebook: 786 Marketing

Instagram: @786.Marketing

Twitter: @786_Marketing


Major Angel Sponsor