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Relation Between Autism and ADHD

The symptoms of the autism spectrum disorder may vary. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) does not have a spectrum, but it has some autism-like symptoms, which present difficulties that may vary from one child to another. But how do autism and ADHD relate? Presenting the symptoms of one of these conditions increases the risk of having the other. Some common symptoms of these conditions are difficulty in paying attention to people, staying in constant motion, invading personal space, limitations in understanding social cues and emotional crises.

The position of specialists on the link between autism and ADHD.has changed. In the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-4) (2011), it was stated that a person could not have autism and also ADHD. But recent studies, published in the fifth edition in 2013, confirmed that a person could be diagnosed with both disorders.

Difficulty paying attention

Children with autism can present this difficulty due to several factors. Language difficulties can make it appear as if the child is not paying attention or refusing to follow instructions, when in fact, it is very likely that he or she does not understand what is being told, asked or explained.

Difficulty socializing

ADHD can affect interpersonal relationships due to the inability to make eye contact and trespassing people’s personal space. In some cases, the manifestation of these symptoms can lead to the child being misdiagnosed with one condition instead of the other. To avoid a wrong diagnosis, parents must consult a specialist.}

By presenting the symptoms of one of the two conditions, the probability of developing the symptoms of the other condition is increased. For example, children with language problems are more likely to have reading disorders. For this reason, it is necessary to consider all the factors related to children’s development, including social relationships, attention levels, language, behavior, cognitive and psychomotor abilities, and skills, mood. A detailed neuropsychological medical evaluation should be carried out so all areas of development are analyzed to obtain a broad vision, and therefore the child can receive the appropriate help.

Another way in which autism and ADHD are related is through genetic risks; a person with autism is more likely to have a close relative with ADHD and other developmental disorders. Scientists are still conducting research to better understand the genetic factors involved in both conditions, although experts believe that autism and ADHD could have similar causes.

Since some of the symptoms of autism and ADHD are the same, some of the interventions used for one condition could be useful for the other. For example, children with both conditions generally benefit from having a routine and knowing what to expect. However, there are many differences in the type of therapy recommended for each of these disorders. Behavioral analysis is part of autism therapy, which can improve communication skills and help with repetitive behaviors, one of the most prominent features of autism. ADHD therapy, on the other hand, focuses on improving attention and organization; this type of therapy is usually accompanied by medication for this specific condition. However, this medication does not help children with autism.

Autism and ADHD are linked together

These conditions presents close bond but both can be controlled

Fuentes:

https://www.understood.org/es-mx/learning-attention-issues/child-learning-disabilities/add-adhd/ive-heard-that-autism-and-adhd-are-related-is-that-true https://www.understood.org/es-mx/learning-attention-issues/child-learning-disabilities/add-adhd/the-difference-between-adhd-and-autism

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Williams Syndrome: Is it Connected to Autism?

Williams Syndrome, ¿what is it?

 

Williams Syndrome is a rare genetic pathology caused by the loss of genes on chromosome 7. It affects one in 20,000 live births worldwide and does not distinguish sex or ethnicity, nor is it hereditary

 

It was first identified in 1961 and can cause heart problems, developmental delays, and learning difficulties. People with Williams syndrome are friendly and outgoing, but tend to have low IQs; this makes simple tasks, such as counting money become complex.

 

Some of its symptoms are specific heart defects, a distinctive face shape with a small, snub nose, wide mouth, pronounced lips and small chin. Dental and orthopedic problems are common, as well as extreme anxiety caused by stimuli, such as the buzzing of bees or a meal’s texture .

 

From a neurological point of view, people with it have delays in intellectual and cognitive development. However, their use of language can be exceptional, and they may have musical skills. On the other hand, many of them are highly sociable people; they tend to be kind and confident with strangers, despite high levels of anxiety. 

 

Studies have not yet made clear how genetics produce the characteristics attached to the behavior of children with Williams Syndrome.

Autism and Williams Syndrome

While it is true that both autism and Williams Syndrome are opposing pathologies from the point of view of social behavior, they have intellectual deficit in common.

 

Autism and Williams Syndrome are neuropsychiatric developmental disorders with opposing alterations in social interaction; while autism is characterized by a difficulty in establishing social bonds and a lack of interest in social contact, people with Williams Syndrome, on the contrary, causes disinhibition when interacting with other people, even generating excessive sympathy for others.

 

The divergent nature of both disorders regarding social behavior has motivated the study of neurobiological mechanisms of social disorders and the autism spectrum genetics to establish a comparative framework. A neurogenetic study could contribute to understanding the relationship between genes, neuronal functioning, physiology, and social interaction.

 

Scientists at the University of California, San Diego, and the Institute of Biological Studies have carried out a model of neurological development of Williams Syndrome that involves molecular genetics, stem cells, neurobiology, and behavior.

 

Alyssin Muotri of the San Diego School of Medicine, at the University of California became interested in Williams Syndrome due to its differences from autism, a disorder that stands out for its significant deficit in social and verbal skills.

 

For several years, Muotri has generated cellular models using stem cells from baby teeth that children with autism had lost; this project was called “Mouse Perez.” The same project was started for children with Williams Syndrome.

 

The team developed the project again by reprogramming the cells and turning them into neural progenitor cells, with the ability to form, in a controlled environment, functional neural networks similar to those of the cerebral cortex.

 

Neurons cultured from the baby teeth with Williams Syndrome have a greater number of ramifications than the neurons of a child who developed normally. Connections with other neurons could be the cause of the characteristics of excessive sociability. 

 

This research could help to better understand autism and other disorders that affect the social brain; it also constitutes an initial effort to use stem cells and gain new knowledge about a disease and not simply to reproduce data from other models. The Williams Syndrome model can help explain what makes human beings social, a key development in the evolution of humanity.

Genetics is the main structure of every organism. But is it linked to ASD?

Fuentes

:https://abcblogs.abc.es/cosas-cerebro/investigacion/autismo-y-sindrome-de-williams-dos-trastornos-opuestos.html, http://sindromedewilliamsymisersingular.blogspot.com/2010/08/sindrome-de-williams-y-autismo-como.html


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Causes of Insomnia in Children with Autism

Autism consists of persistent neurodevelopmental disorders that present dysfunctions in communication and social interaction. Children with autism often have sleep disorders that significantly affect social interaction, daily life, and good academic development.

In general, they tend to suffer from insomnia, which is perceived as a difficulty in falling asleep. Unlike people without neurological conditions, kids within the spectrum are about 11 minutes longer than the population getting to sleep.

These kids usually wake up at night, and many of them get to suffer from sleep apnea. They only spend 15% of their sleep time in the REM phase (rapid eye movement), which is fundamental for learning and memory. But what are the causes of insomnia in them? Discover them in this article.

Causes of insomnia in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

The incidence of insomnia in children with autism spectrum disorder is quite high, due to the confluence of other conditions that interrupt the normal sleep cycle such as gastrointestinal problems, attention deficit, hyperactivity, anxiety.

On the other hand, most of them are treated with stimulant medications. Other findings suggest that it may be caused by genetic mutations that govern sleep cycles and alter melatonin levels, a condition that doubly affects people within the spectrum.

Most of them are especially susceptible to sleep problems; consequently, they have nocturnal awakenings that impact on the processes of focus and attention, memory, behavior and moods.

Many factors affect insomnia, so researchers are increasingly studying this phenomenon. Recent studies have developed a typology of the possible causes.

Intrinsic causes

Disorders in the development and organization of the central nervous system: researchers report that an abnormality in the maturity and development of the central nervous system has a significant impact on the quality of sleep and its duration, causing problems in sleeping or parasomnia.

Irregular production of melatonin: deficiency of this hormone can cause insomnia as well as night awakenings and complications to sleep.

Hyperactivation and alterations of sensory integration: cognitive or physiological hyperactivity cause insomnia.

In fact, it has been observed that people with autism and insomnia problems have greater cognitive and sympathetic nervous system activity, as well as an increase in heart rate, body temperature and elevated levels of noradrenaline. The anguish resulting from this condition can cause insomnia.

Extrinsic causes

Among the external causes are usually mentioned:

Stress due to changes in the environment: changes in the sleep routine, stimuli, the need to comply with certain rules, or unusual practices promote insomnia.

Psychological stress: caused by mental as well as physical pressures, changes in moods lead to the onset of insomnia.

Physical stress: the various pathologies or any condition suffered by the kid can affect the quality of sleep.

As mentioned in previous sections, the child with ASD is more susceptible to being affected by internal and external factors which, when dealing with insomnia, are many causes that intervene simultaneously in the loss of sleep.

Insomnia impacts and harms all people of any condition, but in the case of the autism spectrum, lack of rest can alter the features; for example, it can result in greater difficulty in social interaction with other children.

In summary, those who have low quality sleep generally show severe or violent repetitive behavior and greater difficulties in establishing friendships with other people.

 

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Causes of Insomnia in Children with Autism

Autism consists of persistent neurodevelopmental disorders that present dysfunctions in communication and social interaction. Children with autism often have sleep disorders that significantly affect social interaction, daily life, and good academic development.

In general, they tend to suffer from insomnia, which is perceived as a difficulty in falling asleep. Unlike people without neurological conditions, kids within the spectrum are about 11 minutes longer than the population getting to sleep.

These kids usually wake up at night, and many of them get to suffer from sleep apnea. They only spend 15% of their sleep time in the REM phase (rapid eye movement), which is fundamental for learning and memory. But what are the causes of insomnia in them? Discover them in this article.

Causes of insomnia in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

The incidence of insomnia in children with autism spectrum disorder is quite high, due to the confluence of other conditions that interrupt the normal sleep cycle such as gastrointestinal problems, attention deficit, hyperactivity, anxiety.

On the other hand, most of them are treated with stimulant medications. Other findings suggest that it may be caused by genetic mutations that govern sleep cycles and alter melatonin levels, a condition that doubly affects people within the spectrum.

Most of them are especially susceptible to sleep problems; consequently, they have nocturnal awakenings that impact on the processes of focus and attention, memory, behavior and moods.

Many factors affect insomnia, so researchers are increasingly studying this phenomenon. Recent studies have developed a typology of the possible causes.

Intrinsic causes

Disorders in the development and organization of the central nervous system: researchers report that an abnormality in the maturity and development of the central nervous system has a significant impact on the quality of sleep and its duration, causing problems in sleeping or parasomnia.

Irregular production of melatonin: deficiency of this hormone can cause insomnia as well as night awakenings and complications to sleep.

Hyperactivation and alterations of sensory integration: cognitive or physiological hyperactivity cause insomnia. 

In fact, it has been observed that people with autism and insomnia problems have greater cognitive and sympathetic nervous system activity, as well as an increase in heart rate, body temperature and elevated levels of noradrenaline. The anguish resulting from this condition can cause insomnia.

Extrinsic causes

Among the external causes are usually mentioned:

Stress due to changes in the environment: changes in the sleep routine, stimuli, the need to comply with certain rules, or unusual practices promote insomnia.

Psychological stress: caused by mental as well as physical pressures, changes in moods lead to the onset of insomnia.

Physical stress: the various pathologies or any condition suffered by the kid can affect the quality of sleep.

As mentioned in previous sections, the child with ASD is more susceptible to being affected by internal and external factors which, when dealing with insomnia, are many causes that intervene simultaneously in the loss of sleep.

Insomnia impacts and harms all people of any condition, but in the case of the autism spectrum, lack of rest can alter the features; for example, it can result in greater difficulty in social interaction with other children.

In summary, those who have low quality sleep generally show severe or violent repetitive behavior and greater difficulties in establishing friendships with other people.

Some children with autism may have insomnia problems. See a specialist!


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5 Benefits of Encouraging Reading in Children with ASD

Readings is usually one of the best ways to learn about anything. It also helps to improve communication at general levels, as well as spelling: two things that we know can be hard to learn for children with autism. This is one of the reasons why encouraging reading in children within the spectrum is nothing but a great idea. Here, we’ve prepared a short list with 5 of the more essential benefits this practice provides.

Benefits of reading

Reading with frequency is a very healthy activity. By doing it, we can learn about a lot of different things, and it can also be fun since it is an entertainment medium. Long story short, it is a beneficial and practical habit, and therefore, a recommended one.

Improves creativity

Creativity is crucial for every child since the development of it makes the child more cunning; plus, it influences them quick thoughts and ideas in a productive way, as well as the resolution of problems at a general level. Readings can not only be very informative, but they also allow the children’s imagination to flow in the right way, contributing significantly to their creativity.

Improves concentration

Reading is an activity that requires a lot of attention, the simple action of reading forces the child to focus on the text; this, of course, to concentrate. This concentration is not only beneficial at the time of reading since it can help the child’s reading speed and understanding of the story, but it can also be useful to the kid in different areas, significantly improving their performance in various activities that require high levels of concentration.

Acquire vocabulary

This is one of the main reasons why encouraging reading in children with ASD is so important; It is no secret that children with ASD tend to have a hard time expressing themselves in a way that others can understand them, reading helps to expand their vocabulary, giving them a more significant number of words to use, and, therefore, more possibilities to express themselves in a better way.

Children with ASD often get frustrated because they feel like they are not able to express their feelings in a way that other people can understand them, as said before, acquiring vocabulary improves the way the child shows themselves, decreasing the frustration they may feel at certain times.

Improves social skills

In the vast majority of books that tell a story, especially the ones that are addressing to kids, we continuously find characters conducting any social activity; from actions as essential as talking or playing to details as small as the gestures of some characters. All of these details are very important since they can help the child to have a better understanding of social relationships, which can facilitate interaction with other people, cooperation that many children with autism usually find difficult.

Improves intelligence

Despite what some people tend to think, being on the autism spectrum does not make you less smart than others, in fact, many people recognized because of their talent, or for their outstanding skills, have shown strong signs of autism, so a person within the autistic spectrum can be brilliant.

Encouraging reading in children with ASD helps them to reason quickly and efficiently, this added to all the previously mentioned aspects, has as a consequence a very remarkable improvement in the intelligence of the child, so encouraging a child with autism to read is highly recommended.

Reading constantly has a large number of benefits; it is a recommended activity for everyone. However, children with autism often hide extraordinary abilities behind their apparent shyness, so encouraging them to read can exploit these hidden skills, showing us amazing results that can potentially be very beneficial for their future.

Children reading

Establish a reading routine at home!

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Experts Recommend High Fiber Diet for People with Autism

People familiarize with ASD know that this disorder has many peculiarities; not all of them are bad, but it is not unusual to see individuals with a particular type of autism have some disadvantages that can complicate in a way or another the normal development of their activities, one of these is constipation. Although it is not one of the main ASD characteristics, it does occur with a certain frequency in some individuals within the spectrum, especially children (although not exclusively). Luckily there is a way to overcome all difficulties that may arise; according to experts, an excellent way to overcome constipation in people with autism is a high-fiber diet.

What is fiber?

Fiber is a unique nutrient that plants have; its main difference with the rest of the nutrients found in different types of food is the way that our body processes it. Unlike other nutrients, our body does not digest fiber, which is essential for the role it fulfills: helping in our digestive system clean up. This is the main reason why people within the autism spectrum who have constipation, can be supported by a high-fiber diet.

That said, it is essential to note that fiber is divided into two types: soluble and insoluble, every food that contains fiber have both types.

High-fiber diet

Although both types of fiber offer essential benefits, to deal with constipation, it is insoluble fiber the one needed the most. You’ll see, it is especially suitable for the digestive system because it helps to produce stool, therefore, helps directly to avoid constipation. This type is found in a higher proportion in the different vegetable wheat products, corn bran, and flax seeds. It is also found in some vegetables as well as in different fruits.

When a person starts a diet high in insoluble fiber, they are also receiving the benefits of soluble fiber, since as mentioned before, all foods containing fiber have both types. Among the benefits of soluble fiber, we have: improvements to the heart and circulatory system positively helps lower cholesterol and influences the blood sugar level control.

Among some of the fruits with higher content are: mangoes, raspberries, strawberries, and dried fruits such as peaches, plums, apricots, figs, raisins, and blueberries. Fruit juices also usually contain fiber in a smaller proportion, so they are also recommended.

As you can see, a high-fiber diet, besides helping to prevent constipation, contains many other benefits, so it is not surprising that experts recommend it. Constipation is a severe problem, even though it may not seem so, so it should never be taken lightly, especially if it is a person with ASD who has the problem.

It is crucial to keep in mind that, although the information offered in this blog may be useful, if you have more serious questions about this type of diet, you should consult a nutritionist, after all, when it comes to the people we love, we want the best for them.

family having lunch

Consult with a nutrition expert!

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How to Face Disruptive Behavior?

We all love children; their innocence is always capable to make us smile, but sometimes there are certain situations that we just do not know how to deal with. These situations usually occur when infants show some peculiar behavior, such as disruptive behavior. It’s important to know that even when this type of behavior can be seen in any child, it is much more common to see it on children with ASD (autism spectrum disorder). The question is: how to deal with this type of behavior?

Tips for dealing with disruptive behavior

We know that as parents with children who have ASD, it is not so easy to identify the right way to act when a child shows disruptive behavior, that is why we have prepared some tips for you.

Control your voice

Many parents raise their voice when addressing to their kids if they are showing behaviors that they consider inappropriate. However, if it is a child with autism, this can be counterproductive, you’ll see, if a child with ASD is showing disruptive behavior, scolding the kid using a challenging tone can cause the kid to end up even more upset than he was before, which would cause the disruptive behavior to be prolonged. What you need to do is to talk softly, when you use a calm tone of voice, the child will not feel challenged, but on the contrary, feels understood.

Be calm, be patient

When children with ASD show disruptive behavior, we must be patient and remain calm. Keep in mind that the situation may get worse if we show severe response; after all, the real enemy is not the child, but the behavior, this is why we should never confront them in an abrupt way; instead, we have to focus in neutralize the negative behavior. When we show ourselves calm and able to listen, they will not have a reason to confront us, that will make him or her more likely to slowly calm down as he talks to us.

Consider visiting a specialist

Having a previous diagnosis makes everything a little easier; that is why visiting a medical specialist is a highly recommended option. Depending on the specific disruptive behavior that the child shows, as well as the characteristics of this, the specialist can suggest different strategies to deal with the negative behavior.

The strategies can be multiple, psychotherapeutic in individual psychology, guidance to parents, occupational therapy, among several other strategies, everything depends on the child behavior; Reality is that there are many ways to deal with disruptive behavior.

Pay attention

Finally, a piece of advice that may be obvious, but is also necessary: pay attention to the kid. When we are adults, our own problems can be quite suffocating, to the point where we do not pay enough attention to our children’s emotional state. The reality is that despite their young age, children can feel sad, upset, frustrated or even depressed, and all these feelings can lead to disruptive behavior. If we pay enough attention to them, it will be easier to identify the reasons why he or she shows certain disruptive behaviors, therefore, it will also become easier to find effective methods to face the problem.

Looking at them smile makes us happy. Let’s take care of our children!

annoying child

It is important to learn how to handle such situations.

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The Good Doctor: ¡tienes que ver esta serie!

The Good Doctor (El buen doctor) es una serie estadounidense, estrenada en septiembre de 2017. Es una adaptación de la serie coreana del mismo nombre transmitida en el año 2013. Ambas, evidentemente, son de drama médico, desarrollado entre hospitales y cirugías.

Las críticas han sido variadas pero, en general, ha tenido buena aceptación. Ha sensibilizado a los espectadores y tocado su vulnerabilidad. La primera temporada sobrepasó las expectativas, logrando conseguir una segunda y tercera temporada.

Freddie Highmore encarna al Dr. Shaun Murphy y su actuación ha sido uno de los atractivos principales. De hecho, ha recibido elogios por parte de la crítica.

¿Cuál es el mensaje central?

El Dr. Shaun Murphy posee autismo y síndrome de Savant (síndrome del Sabio). Es una persona con talentos y habilidades que le permiten sacar el mayor provecho de las diferentes disciplinas de su interés. Sin embargo, tiene inconvenientes para socializar, un gran reto en su profesión.

Murphy trabaja como pediatra, es alegre y positivo (una característica que ha creado empatía en los seguidores de la serie). En ocasiones es subestimado por sus compañeros, pero suele sorprenderlos gratamente. Tiene la mentalidad de un niño de diez años aunque con habilidades especiales y fuera de lo común.

En esta serie se muestran las características resaltantes del autismo; gracias a esto, se habla acerca del deseo de la producción de sumarse a las campañas mundiales de inclusión; se busca mostrar estas condiciones desde diferentes ángulos. Las diferencias no son malas, simplemente, son diferencias. Además, el desconocimiento crea falsas expectativas de una determinada situación; en este caso, de lo que pueden lograr las personas con autismo.

En The Good Doctor se muestra cómo esas “diferencias” pueden ser la pieza clave para solventar diversas situaciones médicas. Asimismo, se evidencia el lado más humano y sensible de sus personajes. Las habilidades de Murphy marcan la diferencia. Su manera de ver las cosas terminan dando otro rumbo a las distintas historias. Es extremadamente meticuloso -otra de las características de personas con autismo-, lo que facilita su trabajo al hallar detalles difíciles de percibir por otros especialistas. Por otro lado, la serie es bastante informativa, sirve de instructivo para quienes conocen poco sobre el autismo.

Datos curiosos

Aunque nos parezca una adaptación interesante y con mucho potencial, algunas cadenas no apostaron por el proyecto. Los primeros guiones no despertaron el interés de los inversionistas. Debieron pasar algunos años para que volviera a ver la luz, de la mano de Sony Pictures y ABC.

Los productores no creían ciegamente en Freddie Highmore para interpretar el papel principal. Gracias a sus actuaciones anteriores, se creía que luciría demasiado joven. Sin embargo, su edad coincidía con la requerida para encarnar al personaje (25 años).

The Good Doctor rompió récord en sus primeros episodios. En sus inicios superó a un monstruo de la televisión estadounidense, The Big Bang Theory, dejando boquiabiertos a expertos en la materia.

Han sido felicitados por padres de niños y adultos con autismo. La aceptación ha sido muy buena: constantemente reciben correos, cartas, publicaciones en las diferentes redes sociales y elogios de quienes se sienten identificados con la serie. Para ellos, es un gran paso y celebran cómo se siguen abriendo puertas a sus familiares. Es una forma de eliminar los mitos en torno a ellos y darles voz.

The Good Doctor ha recibido diferentes premios y nominaciones, entre ellos, The Awareness Award (premio a la concienciación) de la asociación Autism Speaks. En un principio, se transmitía a través de AXN pero, actualmente, otras cadenas se han visto en la necesidad de adquirir sus derechos y presentarla a sus televidentes. Telecinco (España) lo transmite en televisión abierta. Se espera el estreno de la tercera temporada para el mes de septiembre.

En definitiva, cada vez se abren más espacios para individuos con TEA. Las iniciativas de este tipo son dignas de admirar y recomendar. ¡Seguimos avanzando!

Hombre viendo una serie

El buen doctor

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Why Should a Medical Specialist Be Your Best Ally During Your Child’s Treatment?

If you have a child with autism, it is likely that you are considering taking him to a medical specialist, and although the reasons for thinking about this option may vary, most of the time they are related to ignorance about the condition. If this is your case, the first thing you should keep in mind is that you are not the only person in that situation. The ASD (autism spectrum disorder) is a very complex condition, so the ignorance about what surrounds it is more than understandable. In fact, this is the main reason why it is highly recommended to attend a specialist doctor, although it is not the only one.

Why should you go to a medical specialist?

Professional opinion

Despite the impression of a child with autism that we may have based on our limited knowledge about the condition, we must bear in mind that the possibility of being wrong is quite large. As we said before, it is a very complex condition, so understanding many of the actions of a person within the spectrum is not an easy task if you do not have extensive knowledge about the matter. For this reason, a professional opinion is crucial; it can dissipate all of our doubts and help us understand our kid.

The right treatment

A common mistake made by many people is to compare their child with other children with the same condition. The reality is that, although both may have symptoms in common, each case is different, so to believe that the treatment should be identical to another one just because both are within the spectrum, is a mistake. A medical specialist is prepared to perform a right diagnosis, as well as to recommend the appropriate treatment for each case, one that focuses on attacking the different difficulties that each may have.

Medicine

In some cases, the expert can prescribe certain medicines for the kid with the intention of reducing some symptoms in the short term, such as aggressive behaviors or extreme hyperactivity. However, although these medications can be effective, some of them can have side effects, so a right opinion is crucial.

The experience

The experience of an MD is something that can contribute a lot to the development of a child with ASD. Taking into account that an experienced professional has had an academic education, as well as a professional career that has allowed him to learn a lot about the ASD. His or her advice and the different therapies that he or she recommends can mean an important positive change in the future of your son or daughter.

Specialized therapies

Therapies for children with autism can be significantly different. It depends on the type of autism the child has, as well as its main characteristics. We must bear in mind that two people with the same type of ASD can receive relatively different therapies, it is up to the medical specialist criteria. The ideal scenario is that both, the parent and the specialists work together to develop strategies with the purpose of helping the kid overcome all the difficulties on the road.

Despite what it may seem sometimes, kids with autism can perfectly have a normal life. All that is needed from us is to love and support them unconditionally.

parents talking with a specialist

The doctor will evaluate your child and give him or her the indicated treatment.

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Mamá, papá y hermano, ¡esto es para ustedes!

Los hermanos son nuestros primeros amigos y compañeros de vida; con ellos jugamos, reímos y peleamos. También aprendemos y compartimos experiencias. Sin embargo, cuando alguno de ellos tiene necesidades especiales, la dinámica puede variar. Por ejemplo, si uno no camina, toda la familia debe establecer una rutina para mejorar su calidad de vida y promover la convivencia. Lo mismo sucede en el caso de niños con autismo. ¿Podría afectar el núcleo familiar? No necesariamente. Si se organizan, se comunican y los padres brindan amor a todos sus hijos, no debería pasar. No obstante, la llegada de un pequeño con TEA puede variar la rutina y afectar a los demás hermanos.

¿De qué manera?

  • Deberán asumir responsabilidades extras. Si son menores, terminarán cumpliendo actividades que no son comunes en otros niños de su edad. Si por el contrario son mayores, serán sobreprotectores y querrán cuidar cada paso de su hermano.
  • Puede llegar a sentir vergüenza. El desconocimiento en cuanto al autismo puede causar temor, risas y rechazo. La buena comunicación dentro de la familia es indispensable para ayudarlos a manejar estas situaciones.
  • Se sienten desplazados. Algunos hermanos de personas con TEA llegan a experimentar sentimientos de soledad y vacío; otros sufren de celos. Es necesario que se les explique la situación y el porqué de los cuidados extras a su hermano. Todo esto teniendo en mente que el trato debe ser igual para todos.

¿Cómo puede se solventar?

    • Con una buena comunicación. Como mencionamos anteriormente, es vital conversar y llegar a consensos. Todos los miembros de la familia deben expresar sus molestias, dudas e inquietudes. De esta manera, podrán orientarse y apoyarse entre sí. Los padres juegan un papel clave y tienen la gran responsabilidad de dar el ejemplo.
    • Creando lazos fuertes y duraderos. Algunos padres prefieren que cada niño se desenvuelva dentro de su espacio propio; eso es muy acertado hasta cierto punto. Deben promoverse actividades en común que ayuden a construir una buena relación entre ellos. Los deportes y actividades extracurriculares son una excelente opción.
    • Manteniendo la igualdad entre hermanos. Aunque existan diferencias entre ellos, deben tratarse de la misma manera, sin demostrar preferencias y siendo justos ante las situaciones cotidianas.

¿Qué debo hacer si tengo un hermano con TEA?

  • Ser comprensivo. Quizás parezca complicado y se sientan abrumados, pero es esencial recordar que ellos tienen necesidades diferentes, aunque no quiere decir que sea algo malo. Simplemente, requieren del apoyo de sus familiares. Ustedes mejor que nadie podrán acompañarlo en el camino y ser su mayor refugio.
  • Investigar. Si lees al respecto y estudias lo más posible, todo parecerá más llevadero. Entenderás muchas cosas y podrás aplicar ese conocimiento en mejorar su relación.
  • Buscar a un especialista. Si te parece no estás actuando de forma correcta, te sientes asustado o molesto, pide ayuda. Los especialistas en el área te darán las herramientas necesarias para sentirte mejor.

Es importante tener en cuenta que el apoyo familiar es clave para los niños con TEA. Su cara de felicidad hará que todo valga la pena. ¡Sí se puede!

¡Hazlo sentir querido!

 

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