Author archives: Estefany Estefany

Asperger vs. Autism: Differences

During the previous decade, Asperger disorder and autistic disorder were two separate conditions, each one of them with different treatments and therapies. But since 2013 with the publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, both are included inside the denomination of autism spectrum disorders, so now it’s hard to define them as separate.

However, ASD can be diagnosed into three functional levels, putting the so-called Asperger into the first level, while the autistic disorder will depend on the symptoms and behavior of the individuals; but normally children will be between the second and third level. Nowadays, Asperger is considered as high functional autism, and for this and many other reasons, there are some differences to note between the two.

Differences between the functional levels on the spectrum

Besides the reasons stated above, when talking about differences we must understand that every individual presents a specific group of symptoms, those are the main cause for the creation of a “spectrum” that contain all the aspects related to these disorders. It will be really difficult to find two children with the same group of symptoms, even after the diagnosis. We will show the main differences among these three levels.

Language problems

On the first level, kids won’t present any kind of problems with language; actually, they can be very talkative, especially with trusted people. On the second one, they can present a certain delay in the communication skills, while on the third level we will find nonverbal children.

The first level can present some struggles like eye contact, difficulty to start a conversation and emotionless tone. But these individuals can improve these skills and have better interactions. Very different from the second and third levels, where the communication is a hard process and it can take several years of therapy to find a correct way to communicate with them.

Separate IQ levels

On the first level, we can find people with incredible talents, some of them even can present a higher IQ, which made them gifted in an array of professional fields. They can be scientists, physics, engineers or can follow an artistic line, like a classical musician. With the second level, children tend to present some struggles with the learning process, but they have an average IQ.

While for the third level, they can have an IQ below the average, which create many difficulties with the learning process and integration to professional life. They can learn basics, but it can take twice the time of the other levels.

Diagnosis

For the third level, the diagnosis is very accurate, and it can be made in the initial years. But for the first and second, it can take more time, because the symptoms and behavior are so different. Besides, as parents you must be observing every interaction and reaction of your child, to notice some strange attitude.

Teachers also play a huge role in the diagnosis, but the first level is the most difficult to give a straight diagnosis. It can take years to collect all the data about the behavior of the children, and later the respective therapy and treatment.

In the end, these denominations help to understand their struggles, conditions, and symptoms, but now they are all within the spectrum. ASD can bring new light and knowledge about autism and other disorders, to a better understanding of their lives and how they face it.

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what are Asperger and autism

These two conditions may have some similar characteristics, but it is important to know that they are not exactly the same.

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Late Spectrum Diagnosis: Just How Common it is to Be Misdiagnosed

Autism spectrum disorders nowadays can be diagnosed with more precision than ever, mostly because there’s a lot of information and tools to help with the correct diagnosis. However, in previous decades it was hard to find the reason for the atypical behavior in children and adults alike. This situation is the reason for many late diagnoses in adults, and even wrong diagnosis and treatments for the wrong condition that they had to stand while growing up.

For some individuals, dealing with struggles in their lives because they can’t choose a proper reaction and have difficulties to engage with the people around them is quite common. Finding that they are within the spectrum is a relief, as it helps them learn how to handle their conditions, that way their lives can improve significantly.

Why many children are misdiagnosed?

There is not a single cause for this. It depends on how they behave, what symptoms they present, and if their parents and teachers are paying attention to their development and interactions with other children. Also, because we are talking about a spectrum with so many different conditions and symptoms, it can be hard to place every single one of the children into it.

Since 2013, thanks to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, professionals, teachers, and parents have found a guide to place the array of symptoms associated with autism. And with it, the diagnosis has become a group effort to find the best course of action for children and help them integrate to their surroundings.

But for many kids who grow up undiagnosed and became adults, this lack of proper diagnosis became a burden; they grow with an odd feeling of not belonging, they are criticized for their natural behaviors and feel like outcasts, especially during their teenage years. With the new technology and procedures, a lot of people have been finding a correct diagnosis, starting a treatment to ease their problems, and help them interact with society.

As more people begin to understand what the ASD’s really are, there will be fewer misdiagnosis and children will find a way to develop their full potential. That is the reason why parents and teachers must work closely, ask each other if something looks out of the ordinary, be very aware of the children habits and interactions, and observe their reactions to find symptoms that will indicate some condition or behavioral aspect.

As parents, we should never be afraid to seek professional guidance and ask as many questions as are necessary; after all, your kids deserve the best in the world, and living within the spectrum is not necessarily a negative thing: it’s just the beginning of a wonderful journey with its ups and downs, with sacrifice and rewards, that will prepare them for the future ahead.

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autism spectrum condition

This condition is not something linear; it has certain variations across the people who have it.

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Instruments and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: How to Ease Child’s Lives with Music

Music helps people in many ways. For children with ASD, musical therapy is risk-free, and there are lots of activities to engage kids and adults alike in this beautiful experience. People within the spectrum find a release to their struggles with music, besides helping them interact in a different way to the world around them. And it helps them control accessory conditions, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Music therapy can bring many benefits with infants and teens with autism, improving skills like social interactions, verbal expressions, behaviors, motor skills, self-confidence, among others. And this helps handle the most common issues related to OCD when it’s part of the spectrum diagnosis.

How does the therapist work with children and teens?

The certified therapist will evaluate the individual; however, sometimes it can be a group evaluation. Knowing the patient helps to develop a plan with objectives and final goals, according to the particular needs each. They will use a wide array of musical features, considering various instruments and techniques to engage them in the activities.

One of the first steps is to improvise, let them react to the music and see their expressions: it is a good way to evaluate their behavior to different sounds, instruments, and songs. Many specialists prefer using percussion instruments or even singing to children expecting different reactions and categorizing them. That allows them to have a starting point when it comes to therapy.

After the kids are used to the sounds, she or he can change the style and apply new techniques to incentivize the participation. This therapy is well known because it is not conventional, using only sound, dances, and instruments it can generate a reaction that will increase the patient’s confidence, teamwork, and communication skills. But, how does this pair up with children suffering from OCD-like behavior? Let’s break it down here.

Benefits of the music therapy

Social interactions

Music therapy can engage the little ones to work and enjoy around others, because usually, music creates a reaction, helping them share the experience with their peers. Therapists agree that they answer more willingly to the different activities if these are paired with a prefer instrument or music genre.

Use the singing to communicate will start a new way of communication that can translate outside the therapist’s room, even without music. For others, it is an excellent way to share a common ground and share experiences and tastes. In other words, music will unite kids and teens within the spectrum without the strange and uncomfortable aspects of social interactions. And this is fundamental for individuals that have OCD as an accessory condition. As many spectrum therapies involve structure, they could try to pair that up with their social skills. Giving them a tool to handle social interactions will ease them into connecting with others, making it easier for them to bypass some of the difficulties that arise in socialization if you have OCD.

Behaviors

Many people within the spectrum can show different behaviors, and these can be hard to face for parents and family, but music therapy has been proved an excellent way to control them. Besides music and sounds are a great way to prepare he or she to noisy environments and spaces. After one-hour session, they tend to be relaxed and feel at ease with the ones around them.

This is fundamental for obsessive-compulsive disorder patients, as they tend to stick into repetitive patterns that don’t allow them to interact freely with others. Music, as an evolutive therapy, can change that, helping them understand that they don’t need to stick to strict routines to interact with others.

Anxiety

Kids within the spectrum are propense to feel anxious many times during the day, but music is a fantastic way to make them feel calm with a different stimulus. Many parents noted their children relaxed by simple listen to their favorite song or music, or even just with one hour of therapy. Remember that the treatment can be taken to the house, music is good for everybody at home!

For OCD patients, anxiety over their routines being disrupted is a problem. That’s why having instruments at home it’s perfect, as it’s a way to have an outlet to frustration, anxiety and other negative emotions. It allows them to occupy their minds and bodies in something other than the stressing element, helping them to relax more easily.

Have fun

This therapy can bring happiness, because of all the benefits stated above, there will have a calm reaction to the music, and even they will feel happy to listen to it. For some cases is playing their favorite instruments that will put them at ease, and that is the best part of the therapy, parents can continue it at home and every day can turn into something more manageable!

Remember, music is an effective way to reach a new aspect of their personality, and help them with their different conditions. Therapy will always be good for them, but music therapy is another level to help them to improve their skill while having fun with the new experience.

Come to Autism Soccer, where we offer excellent programs for the development of your kids and a place for them to be comfortable and happy. All this with the help of experts that can guide them!

small children behaviors

Your children can learn to use music to calm themselves, playing an instrument helps them change their obsessive behaviors.

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Why do People Say “Autism Spectrum”?

Autism is a condition that still has many unanswered questions, but nowadays the medical term when it comes to it is “autism spectrum disorders.” This term appeared because the many symptoms and behaviors associated with people diagnosed with autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder.

Why the use of “spectrum”?

The symptoms and behaviors can develop at different pace and ages; however, there are some similarities among them. For that reason in 2013, with the publication of the fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, all these disorders and conditions were put in one term, “autism spectrum disorders,” divided into three levels of diagnosis.

Inside the spectrum, people can be as different as their symptoms. We can find individuals that are highly intelligent and independent but have problems with social interactions, others that need therapy to be able to exchange even just a few words with strangers, and some that will always need assistance with daily routines.

People within the spectrum will always have problems with social interaction, making it a common symptom among them. But others symptoms and conditions can vary from person to person, hence the need to put them within a spectrum; that way we can identify them inside the condition and allowing them to be treated according to their unique attributes and requirements, without branding them in a specific condition or disorder.

For professionals in the area, a correct diagnosis on a child can take several years. This is because children can develop symptoms while growing up, hence the need to follow a constant observation of their behavior. But being within the spectrum opens an array of options: kids will have lives full of challenges to conquer that will need to be faced in very specific ways, with strategies according to their needs.

Now you have it! Being in the ASD means that every person diagnosed within it will face their own problems, but at the same time, it will be rewarded with the knowledge that they aren’t alone, that there are many with at least one symptom similar to them.

Come to Autism Soccer, where we offer excellent programs for the development of your children and a place for them to be comfortable and happy.

autism spectrum condition

This condition is not something linear; it has certain variations across the people who have it.

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What About Eye Contact in Children with Autism?

One of the most known characteristics of the autism spectrum disorder is lack of eye contact, which presents in the first years of the life of these children, with some professionals suggesting that it can start on the first months. This lack of social interaction is not by any means a sign or rudeness from them, but actually, it’s a way to feel more comfortable among people. Children with ASD can get highly anxious with eye contact, especially if the other person responds to it.

Symptoms

As every characteristic within the spectrum, avoiding eye contact can manifest in multiple ways:

  • Some actively seem to avoid eye contact because they feel uncomfortable with it, as with every social interaction.
  • Others can make eye contact in familiar environments, with well-known people.
  • And others can look at you in strange ways, staring either at you or at a specific object.

Why does this happen?

There are two major reasons that explain why children and adults alike avoid this action. First, they feel indifference toward eye contact; they think that it isn’t important to establish it. Remember, they often don’t have the same instincts about social interactions as neurotypical people, so they cannot fully comprehend why it is necessary to make direct contact. This normally happens during childhood.

However, when they grow up, teenagers and adults with ASD feel eye contact in an uncomfortable way that can trigger anxiety episodes and other adverse reactions or behaviors. Some completely hate it, especially if they are pushed to do it, so never pressure them; instead, you should encourage them to improve their social abilities but never to the point of generating the opposite reaction. Professionals haven’t found the reason behind this change from children to teenagers because children can learn how to make eye contact without rejecting it, but while growing up, they feel it as a burden.

There are still many questions about this, and many ongoing studies exploring possible reasons; but meanwhile, working with these kids to develop their social skills is the best way to change these behaviors, with patience and hard work.

Can lack of eye contact be treated?

With the autism spectrum disorder, there are usually more questions than answers, and that leaving aside the controversy in many studies and therapies. In that regard, eye contact is no the exception; however, therapists now believe that there’s no symptomatic answer, instead, it can depend on every individual and the way they feel towards it. Instead of trying to fix this, we as educators, parents, and facilitators should listen to their own voice in that regard, accept that they don’t like it, and teach them to communicate it by simply saying something like “I’m listening but i won’t look at you directly.” The most important thing we have to do is understand that this preference is totally fine, that making eye contact isn’t essential for communication and that we must accept this preference, instead of trying to force a change.

Remember eye contact isn’t the most important skill when dealing with a person with autism; if they are more comfortable without looking at you, but are still listening and can have a satisfying conversation with you on many different topics, then that’s all that should matter. Come to Autism Soccer, where we offer excellent programs for the development of your children and a place for them to be comfortable and happy.

Why eye contact is a problem for some people with ASD

Eye contact, which is close nonverbal communication, may generate anxiety in people within the spectrum.

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Tips to Develop the Children’s Occupational Performance in School

Teaching is a hard work, but teaching several children in a classroom can be quite a challenge. If those kids are diagnosed within the autism spectrum disorder, the teaching process becomes an even greater challenge. However, a classroom adapted to them and their needs can increase their attention, focus, reduce stress, and in general aid the learning process..

It’s not just adapting your teaching process; even the decoration of the classroom in a way that will make them to consider it a safe place can make a difference in the proper development of their skills, and could even help encourage them to try new things, even when they’re reluctant to try new stuff.

There are many things that can trigger a bad episode in children in the spectrum, and these episodes make them to lose concentration and make the learning process slower overall, so take in consideration the following points, so you can avoid these episode and optimize the learning experience.

Work space

Many kids with autism feel better with a special place to work, and it doesn’t have to be a specifically designed table or chair for them; just a couple of accessories can make the difference. Things like: an air cushion for the chair, a theraband for kicking, or a training ball, among others, can help the kids to release their anxiety. It’s also advisable to rotate your students around the classroom seats, particularly in places where they could feel more anxious, such as corners, near windows, or close to the door. This can both reduce their stress, and help them get used to small changes. You can also be mindful of the classroom’s decoration, making it personalized, so the kids can feel more at home and comfortable, but not too overwhelming with colors and figures, as to be a source of distraction.

Be active

Kids with autism get bored easily, so play with them between subject lessons. This playtime not necessarily has to be a game, it can be some yoga movements to relax their bodies, or play some music and dance; just be creative and make them move to release tension. Find an activity that they enjoy while moving and make it at least a weekly routine.

Fidgets

In the last few years a little toy called fidget spinner became very famous among neurotypical children. However, these toys were created for kids with autism and ADHD to help them concentrate and pay attention in lessons. You can find this sort of fidget or similar ones to make them do a repetitive action while teaching your lessons, hence enhancing their focus.

Sensory calm space

The day can be long for a kid with ASD, and for that reason it is good to have a space, even if it is just a corner, where kids can shut off everything outside of it. Make a tent, a teepee, a big box, or just use a pair of blankets to set that corner apart of the rest; the main point here is to give them the sensation of protection, that nothing can reach them there and hurt them. Remember, children within the spectrum can become stressed very easily, due to sensory overload. Teach them how to use this space to deal with their stress and encourage parents to do the same at home.

Plan ahead of time

Routines are basic for children with ASD. It doesn’t matter the level, they develop better with plans. If they know in advance what is going to happen the following week, they can be prepare and get ready for what could otherwise be unexpected and uncomfortable situations. However use this with care and only tell them what is coming ahead every week, because if a child within  the spectrum knows, for example, all the month’s schedule in advance, then their anxiety can become even bigger, affecting their behavior at home and maybe even their eating and sleeping patterns. .

Make the learning process fun

In the end, kids with ASD are just kids, and because of that learning with fun activities can help to be more in sync with the schedule and school duties. Kids can get to enjoy the classroom and the lessons if they feel like they’re playing a game. So it’s up to you, as their teacher, to be creative and make the lessons fun for them, and of course, for you.

Teaching kids with autism is a wonderful experience that can change your life as teacher for the best, so don’t be afraid, have fun teaching these children, and try to leave you mark on them. A teacher that is good with their students will be one that they never forget. Come to Autism Soccer, where we offer excellent programs for the development of your children and a place for them to be comfortable and happy.

What a child with ASD needs to do in school

There are many activities that you can apply in your classroom, all according to the sensory needs of each child.

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10 Q&A about Autism

Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disorder that can affect several skills in a person, especially language, motor, and social skills. It’s classified in three levels for diagnosis; however, many people still don’t fully comprehend it completely, and the different aspects that are associated with it. With these ten questions and answers, we hope to expand your knowledge about it.

What are the causes of autism?

This is the most common question about the disorders in the spectrum, but scientists and medical professionals haven’t found a specific cause or causes. There are many studies about the possible reasons, but the results haven’t been conclusive; some think that a genetic mutation is the main cause; others point to differences in the development of the brain in during the pregnancy, which would cause the behavioral conditions associated with it. Still, this question doesn’t have a specific answer.

Is it common?

Yes, it is. Autism is the most common developmental disorder, 1 in 150 children can be diagnosed within one of the three levels of the spectrum.

Who can suffer autism?

Anyone. ASD doesn’t distinguish among social status or ethnicity. However, gender seems to be a factor, as it has been proven that 4 out of 5 people within the spectrum are male.

How does autism influence behavior?

It depends on the level, but the primary challenge among people with ASD is social interaction. People with autism tend not to be able to grasp all the aspects of human communication fully, so subtle details can be tough for them. Besides, people placed in level 3 tend to have erratic and compulsive behavior; which is why they’ll always need a caregiver.

How severe is the behavior of a person with autism?

This can be subjective; it will depend on the level in which that person is placed, with the third level being the most severe. However, behavior can be controlled with a correct diagnosis during the early years and with the proper treatment; children with autism can be calm and behave normally. The real problem here is that parents struggle to accept their kid’s condition, and it can take years for them to start the correct treatments.

Can they manage to be independent?

Again, this will depend on the level of ASD, but many of them can manage to have an independent life when they reach adulthood, just by following the right treatment and having the correct guidance.

Is autism a cognitive disability?

No, both terms are not synonyms. ASD is a developmental disorder, while cognitive disabilities affect learning and motor skills; some children within the spectrum can show display these disabilities, but not necessarily all of them. As noted before, the more significant challenges are social interaction and personal relationships.

Can autism appear with other conditions?

Yes, there are other disorders associated with developmental skills that are present with ASD. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), learning disabilities, bipolarity, and epilepsy can all appear in kids with autism, sometimes in combinations. It’s for this reason that doctors recommend for parents to be very observant of their children’s behavior during the early years so that these problems can be adequately identified and treated.

Can people with autism work?

Yes, with the correct therapy people within the spectrum can work in many different areas, as a matter of fact, people diagnosed with the first level of ASD can become very successful on their fields; some of them can even have above average intelligence.

What type of work can a person with autism perform?

Because of their compulsive and repetitive behavior, structured jobs tend to be the best for them. They develop better with routines and repetitive activities; however, many prefer the type of job where they don’t have to interact with the public, or with large amounts of people. Keep in mind that individuals within the spectrum tend to struggle with social interactions.

As you can see, autism is no longer a disorder that few people know, it has become a thoroughly studied condition; in this era of inclusion, we as a society are trying to give people with ASD the space that they need, and to understand them the best way we could. Come to Autism Soccer, where we offer excellent programs for the development of your children and a place for them to be comfortable and happy.

Autism Soccer answer your questions regarding autism

On today’s article, we answer all your questions.

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5 Facts about Asperger’s Syndrome You Can’t Miss

Asperger’s is a widely accepted condition, in part thanks to the existence of characters in TV shows and movies with this syndrome; and because it’s now associated with ASD. However, there isn’t a lot of information about all the characteristics of this syndrome, since every individual can show a wide variety of symptoms.

It’s not longer a separate syndrome.

Since the publication of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual – 5 in 2013, which is the leading authority in the description of mental health conditions, Asperger is now part of the autism spectrum disorder or ASD. Typically, people with this diagnosis are placed in the first level of the spectrum. As part of the changes, the term “Asperger’s syndrome” has mostly been replaced with “high functioning autism,” because the behavior is not that severe. However, they can present some problems associated with social interactions and communication.

The cause hasn’t been found

Some questions still surround autism; there are conditions without a definitive cause. Researchers have agreed that the problem with Asperger is in the brain, especially with the development during pregnancy and the child’s first years, and also that genetic factors can play a big part in it.

It is a developmental disorder

According to The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, which is one of the most critical medical resources, developmental disorders “…are neurologically based conditions that can interfere with the acquisition, retention, or application of specific skills or sets of information.” This means that people with Asperger struggle with the acquisition of social skills; they are not good making friends or committing to relationships, and this syndrome cannot be cured; people have to learn how to live with it while finding their own ways to develop those skills.

Intelligence is a good aspect in Asperger

People diagnosed with this ASD tend to have a normal or to be above average IQ. Because individuals within it often obsess with some topic or subject, they often can excel in that field. They tend to prefer professions like physics, space engineering, astrophysics, and programming. Besides, their knowledge of random topics can be vast; they can learn everything from the names of dinosaurs to recognizing weather patterns. They also tend to follow a strict use of proper grammar, which tends to make them come off as snobbish.

Asperger is not connected with violence

There is no evidence that this condition causes violent behavior; however, there are others that can be present in these individuals that can lead to violence, such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. OCD is especially common among people with Asperger, but with correct therapy, any of these conditions can be treated and the risk of violence can be reduced.

Asperger has mainstream recognition nowadays, and with the different campaigns in favor of tolerance and inclusion, all of us now can better understand the people diagnosed with it. All it takes is to follow the proper therapies and to be patient; and with the collaboration of their loved ones, people within the spectrum can lead happy and fulfilling lives. Come to Autism Soccer; we offer excellent programs for the development of your children and a place for them to be comfortable and happy.

Asperger things that you need to know

We show you 5 things you can’t miss about this condition.

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10 Simple Exercises for Language Problems

Language problems can affect many children diagnosed within the autism spectrum disorder. However, some kids suffer those problems and aren’t in the spectrum. This happens because there are many reasons behind language problems besides autism: ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), difficulties in the muscles involved in the speech process, or even emotional distress. Sometimes, there’s no external factor: the most common source for these sort of problem is the way in which children acquire their language skills.  

Speech ability can get better with the appropriate therapy, and activities specially designed for improving language skills, depending on how children develop those. Many of them consist of performing certain movements, where u the main speech organs (cheeks, mouth, lips, tongue and vocal cords) are involved. Here we have ten exercises that therapists use, and that are easy to do at home.

Breathing exercises

These are simple and repetitive movements while producing sounds along with the breathing. Kids can do nasal and vocal inspirations and expirations, retaining the air between the changes is good, too. Another way to do it is to maintain the air inside the mouth and nose alternating progressively between the two. Changing the breathing speed is one of the final exercises to practice, it can be done with inspirations and exhalations; it has to be practiced with both shallow and deep breaths.

Blow exercises

These can be done with different objects, but the main point is to get better lip movement and air control. Among the activities there are:

  • Blowing paper balls across a table: which could be turned into a game like soccer where the kid that put his paper ball inside the goal wins.
  • Blowing out candles: they can be of different sizes.
  • Taking down a paper tower: make one with small papers and have the kid take it down by blowing on the stack.
  • Blowing soap bubbles: you can let your kid have some fun with these; it’s better if children practice the blowing movements while having fun. You can also ask them to try to incorporate sounds which each blow.

Vowel pronunciation

In this exercise, children have to constantly repeat the vowels while exhaling slowly. They ought to do as many repetitions as the therapist wishes, as long as the kid feel good and comfortable. Usually, vowels are the easiest letters to pronounce, hence why a better pronunciation of vowels can be a good starting point to build up language skills.

Rhythm exercise

Using a drum or any surface that has a good enough sound produce different beats, and then have the kid repeat them using his voice and mouth. You have to pay attention to his performance and help him to follow the rhythm with his own sounds, correcting when necessary. Rhythm is essential for children, that way they can learn to articulate words better.

Syllable game

Here therapist will use common consonants with vowels, children have to repeat the syllable with the same vowel several times to catch rhythm and pronunciation, than change the vowel, repeat the process until all the vowels are used with the chosen consonant. Next day the therapist can choose another consonant and continuing the game, their pronunciation will improve with the constant repetition.

Articulate phrases

Here therapists use poetry, tongue twister or short sentences from children’s books, to make kids pronounce and articulate the letters and syllables that they are mastering. With practice they will get a better use of them; it can be accompanied with beats for rhythm.

Tongue exercises

Some issues with the complex phonemes are related to tongue movements, therefore doing exercises with it can help achieve a better pronunciation. These can be: turns in every direction, stretching the tongue to the top palate, eating chewing gum, touching each tooth with the tip of the tongue, and using a pencil or a chopstick under the tongue while speaking to improve pronunciation.

Silent exercises

Both the child and whoever plays the role of the therapist will be in a room entirely silent. Then the therapist will perform a series of sounds, and the kid needs to pay attention to identify and repeat them. One of the benefits of this is that children can recognize sounds and where are they come from.

Lip exercises

There are many movements with which to exercise the lips, just like the tongue. They can be tightened and loosened, separated and put back together quickly, or you can have children repeat a consonant that uses the lips exclusively for its pronunciation. At home, you can look up ways how singers warm-up, and then practice them with your kids. These can be fun to do together because they can bring laughter for both.

Facial movements

Inflate the cheeks, while retaining air for some seconds and then deflate them, and start over doing several repetitions. Finally use water, keeping it on the mouth and then moving it from cheek to cheek.

All these exercises can be done at home. Remember that, for children, approaching them as if they’re just games is always the best. Practice with them and in time you will observe the difference and see how their skills are improving. Come to Autism Soccer, we offer excellent programs for the development of children and a place for them to be comfortable and happy.

Simple exercises for language problems

Several exercises can help to overcome speech problems. They can be practiced in the classroom or even from home.

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Types of autism spectrum disorders

Autism spectrum disorders can affect the communication process, social interactions, and present behavioral challenges. The symptoms can be recognized during the children’s early years, for that reason, parents must be very attentive to their behavior. However, several of these disorders appear for genetic causes, hence why doctors recommend that every kid should be genetically tested for any condition.

Since 2013, with the new edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth version), “autism spectrum disorders” is the terminology used to refer children with this diagnosis. The four previous denominations within the spectrum; autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, or pervasive developmental disorder, are now all considered different manifestations of autism. Doctors use DSM-5 to unify their criteria and tests for a correct diagnosis of ASD, and thus have a better understatement of the various symptoms that present themselves in the children.

DSM-5 has three functional levels according to the support that children will need while growing up. These levels reflect how people within the spectrum can communicate, have social interactions, react to new situations, and manage daily life. But, even while the classification system is perfectly defined, it’s not always easy for doctors to fully evaluate a patient with symptoms of ASD and assign them to a specific level, especially because they can change levels while growing up and learning new skills.

Levels of ASD

The autism spectrum disorder can be so broad, that in it, there are individuals with severe intellectual and motor disabilities and others that have above average IQ; and while some people struggle with communication, others are public figures. That is the main reason behind the creation of the DSM-5’s three levels of ASD, which are:

Level 1

“Require support”: children and adults within this level have problems with communication and social interactions; usually people previously diagnosed with Asperger’s are here. This kind of people find it difficult to maintain conversations for long periods, and sometimes it’s hard for them to make friends. Routines are essential for them; even a small change can produce an adverse reaction. Therapy is a great way to help them develop social skills and control their anxiety.

Level 2

“Substantial support”: children and adults classified within this level of ASD have even more trouble with social interactions; some of them are non-verbal, don’t fully comprehend social cues, and their understanding of body language is practically non-existent. Casual observers can notice the difference between them and the neurotypical people. Both children and adults alike will need more specific types of therapy, such as sensory and occupational therapies, to engage in their surroundings.

Level 3

“Very substantial support”: children and adults placed in this level will require more attention by doctors and family because they have a severe lack of social skills and present repetitive and restrictive conducts that affect their lives and people around them. They really can’t tolerate any changes in their environments and have very few interests. Treatment can be challenging: therapy has to be more regular and cover a wide range of requirements, and they will also need a permanent caregiver to be in charge of them. Sometimes medication can help them to be calm and focused, but it must be administered at a doctor’s discretion.

This is a condition that can affect people in different ways, but that doesn’t mean they’re destined to have an unpleasant or dull life; on the contrary, most people within the spectrum try to enjoy their lives to the fullest while struggling with their daily challenges. These conditions don’t distinguish between races, gender, nationalities, and social status, anyone can be diagnosed with ASD.

Come to Autism Soccer, we offer excellent programs for the development of children and a place for them to be comfortable and happy.

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